https://wiki.lesswrong.com/api.php?action=feedcontributions&user=Rdb&feedformat=atomLesswrongwiki - User contributions [en]2020-06-01T01:30:31ZUser contributionsMediaWiki 1.31.7https://wiki.lesswrong.com/index.php?title=Mind_projection_fallacy&diff=7343Mind projection fallacy2011-06-20T12:44:48Z<p>Rdb: Wikipedia links</p>
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<div>{{Quote|<br />
Confusion exists in our minds, not in reality. A blank spot on your map does not correspond to a blank territory.}}<br />
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Our minds are not transparent windows unto veridical reality; when you look at a rock, you experience not the the rock itself, but your mind's ''representation'' of the rock, reconstructed from photons bouncing off its surface. Sugar in and of itself is not ''inherently'' sweet; the sugar itself only has the chemical properties that it does, which your brain ''interprets'' as sweet.<br />
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Physicist and [[Bayesian]] philosopher [[Wikipedia:Edwin Thompson Jaynes|E.T. Jaynes]] coined the term '''mind projection fallacy''' to refer to this kind of failure to distinguish between epistemological claims (statements about belief, about your map, about what we can ''say'' about reality) and ontological claims (statements about reality, about the territory, about how things ''are''). In particular, the concept was applied in the critique of [[Wikipedia:Frequentist_inference|frequentist]] interpretation of the notion of [[probability]] as a property of physical systems rather than an epistemic device concerned with levels of certainty, [[Bayesian probability]].<br />
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==Blog posts==<br />
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/oi/mind_projection_fallacy/ Mind Projection Fallacy]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/oj/probability_is_in_the_mind/ Probability is in the Mind]<br />
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==See also==<br />
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*[[Bayesian probability]]<br />
*[[Magic]]<br />
*[[The map is not the territory]]<br />
*[[2-place and 1-place words]]<br />
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[[Category:Fallacies]]</div>Rdbhttps://wiki.lesswrong.com/index.php?title=Reading_lists&diff=7327Reading lists2011-06-19T14:22:11Z<p>Rdb: Created page with "==Blog posts== *[http://lesswrong.com/lw/2un/references_resources_for_lesswrong/ A list of references and resources for LW] *[http://lesswrong.com/lw/12d/recommended_reading_for_..."</p>
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<div>==Blog posts==<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/2un/references_resources_for_lesswrong/ A list of references and resources for LW]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/12d/recommended_reading_for_new_rationalists/ Recommended reading for new rationalists]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jv/recommended_rationalist_reading/ Recommended Rationalist Reading]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/3m/rationalist_fiction/ Rationalist Fiction]<br />
**[http://lesswrong.com/lw/3m/rationalist_fiction/ Lawrence Watt-Evans's Fiction]<br />
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==External links==<br />
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{{stub}}</div>Rdbhttps://wiki.lesswrong.com/index.php?title=Egan%27s_law&diff=7326Egan's law2011-06-19T13:56:39Z<p>Rdb: Wikipedia link to Greg Egan, Quarantine</p>
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<div>{{Quote|<br />
"It all adds up to normality."<br />
|[[Wikipedia:Greg Egan|Greg Egan]]|[[Wikipedia:Quarantine (Greg Egan novel)|Quarantine]]}}<br />
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Apples didn't stop falling when General Relativity supplanted Newtonian mechanics. The purpose of a theory is to add up to observed reality, rather than something else. [[Quantum mechanics]] is not some strange alternative universe, told as a story to delight us with its counterintuitiveness; quantum mechanics is where we have always lived. Science sets out to answer the question "''What'' adds up to normality?" and the answer turns out to be "''Quantum mechanics'' adds up to normality."<br />
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A weaker extension of this principle applies to ethical and metaethical debates, which generally ought to end up explaining why you ''shouldn't'' eat babies, rather than why you ''should''.<br />
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==Blog posts==<br />
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/qz/living_in_many_worlds/ Living in Many Worlds]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/sk/changing_your_metaethics/ Changing Your Metaethics]<br />
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==See also==<br />
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*[[Reality is normal]]<br />
*[[Quantum mechanics]]<br />
*[[Metaethics sequence]]<br />
*[[Occam's razor]]<br />
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[[Category:Positions]]<br />
[[Category:Concepts]]</div>Rdbhttps://wiki.lesswrong.com/index.php?title=Litany_of_Gendlin&diff=7298Litany of Gendlin2011-06-07T23:50:34Z<p>Rdb: Wikipedia link to Eugene Gendlin</p>
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<div>{{Quote|<br />
What is true is already so.<br><br />
Owning up to it doesn't make it worse.<br><br />
Not being open about it doesn't make it go away.<br><br />
And because it's true, it is what is there to be interacted with.<br><br />
Anything untrue isn't there to be lived.<br><br />
People can stand what is true,<br><br />
for they are already enduring it.<br />
|[[Wikipedia:Eugene Gendlin|Eugene Gendlin]]}}<br />
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==Blog posts==<br />
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/id/you_can_face_reality/ You Can Face Reality]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/o4/leave_a_line_of_retreat/ Leave a Line of Retreat]<br />
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==See also==<br />
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* [[Litany of Tarski]]<br />
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{{stub}}<br />
[[Category:Positions]]</div>Rdbhttps://wiki.lesswrong.com/index.php?title=Litany_of_Tarski&diff=7296Litany of Tarski2011-06-07T14:04:32Z<p>Rdb: Wikipedia link to Alfred Tarski (correct?)</p>
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<div>{{Quote|<br />
If the box contains a diamond,<br><br />
I desire to believe that the box contains a diamond;<br><br />
If the box does not contain a diamond,<br><br />
I desire to believe that the box does not contain a diamond;<br><br />
Let me not become attached to beliefs I may not want.<br />
|[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jz/the_meditation_on_curiosity/ The Meditation on Curiosity]}}<br />
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The '''Litany of [[Wikipedia:Alfred Tarski|Tarski]]''' is actually a litany template that can be stated about any fact. Here's another example:<br />
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:If the sky is blue<br />
::I desire to believe that the sky is blue<br />
:If the sky is not blue<br />
::I desire to believe that the sky is not blue.<br />
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==Blog posts==<br />
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jz/the_meditation_on_curiosity/ The Meditation on Curiosity]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/go/why_truth_and/ Why truth? And...] — You have an instrumental motive to care about the truth of your ''beliefs about'' anything you care about.<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/s/belief_in_selfdeception/ Belief in Self-Deception] — Deceiving yourself is harder than it seems. What looks like a successively adopted false belief may actually be just a [[belief in belief|belief in false belief]].<br />
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==See also==<br />
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*[[Truth]]<br />
*[[Litany of Gendlin]]<br />
*[[Self-deception]]<br />
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{{stub}}<br />
[[Category:Positions]]<br />
[[Category:Techniques]]</div>Rdbhttps://wiki.lesswrong.com/index.php?title=Bayesian_probability&diff=7290Bayesian probability2011-06-05T12:22:19Z<p>Rdb: Link frequentist, MaxEnt</p>
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<div>{{wikilink|Bayesian probability}}<br />
'''Bayesian probability''' represents a level of certainty relating to a potential outcome or idea. This is in contrast to a [[Wikipedia:Frequentist_inference|frequentist]] probability that represents the frequency with which a particular outcome will occur over any number of trials.<br />
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An [[Wikipedia:Event (probability theory)|event]] with Bayesian probability of .6 (or 60%) should be interpreted as stating "With confidence 60%, this event contains the true outcome", whereas a frequentist interpretation would view it as stating "Over 100 trials, we should observe event X approximately 60 times."<br />
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The difference is more apparent when discussing ideas. A frequentist will not assign probability to an idea, either it is true or false and it cannot be true 6 times out of 10.<br />
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==Blog posts==<br />
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/1to/what_is_bayesianism/ What is Bayesianism?]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/s6/probability_is_subjectively_objective/ Probability is Subjectively Objective]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/oj/probability_is_in_the_mind/ Probability is in the Mind]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/sg/when_not_to_use_probabilities/ When (Not) To Use Probabilities]<br />
*{{lesswrongtag|Probability}}<br />
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==See also==<br />
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*[[Priors]]<br />
*[[Bayesian]]<br />
*[[Bayes' theorem]]<br />
*[[Mind projection fallacy]]<br />
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==External links==<br />
*[http://www.astro.cornell.edu/staff/loredo/bayes/index.html BIPS]: Bayesian Inference for the Physical Sciences<br />
*[[Wikipedia:Maximum entropy thermodynamics|Maximum entropy thermodynamics]]<br />
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{{stub}}<br />
[[Category:Concepts]]<br />
[[Category:Bayesian]]</div>Rdbhttps://wiki.lesswrong.com/index.php?title=Bayesian_probability&diff=7289Bayesian probability2011-06-05T12:12:42Z<p>Rdb: /* See also */ External links, BIPS</p>
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<div>{{wikilink|Bayesian probability}}<br />
'''Bayesian probability''' represents a level of certainty relating to a potential outcome or idea. This is in contrast to a [[frequentist]] probability that represents the frequency with which a particular outcome will occur over any number of trials.<br />
<br />
An [[Wikipedia:Event (probability theory)|event]] with Bayesian probability of .6 (or 60%) should be interpreted as stating "With confidence 60%, this event contains the true outcome", whereas a frequentist interpretation would view it as stating "Over 100 trials, we should observe event X approximately 60 times."<br />
<br />
The difference is more apparent when discussing ideas. A frequentist will not assign probability to an idea, either it is true or false and it cannot be true 6 times out of 10.<br />
<br />
==Blog posts==<br />
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* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/1to/what_is_bayesianism/ What is Bayesianism?]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/s6/probability_is_subjectively_objective/ Probability is Subjectively Objective]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/oj/probability_is_in_the_mind/ Probability is in the Mind]<br />
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/sg/when_not_to_use_probabilities/ When (Not) To Use Probabilities]<br />
*{{lesswrongtag|Probability}}<br />
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==See also==<br />
<br />
*[[Priors]]<br />
*[[Bayesian]]<br />
*[[Bayes' theorem]]<br />
*[[Mind projection fallacy]]<br />
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==External links==<br />
*[http://www.astro.cornell.edu/staff/loredo/bayes/index.html BIPS]: Bayesian Inference for the Physical Sciences<br />
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{{stub}}<br />
[[Category:Concepts]]<br />
[[Category:Bayesian]]</div>Rdb