It is often proposed that so long as an Artificial General Intelligence is physically isolated and restricted, or "boxed", it will be harmless even if it is an unfriendly artificial intelligence. However, since the AGI may be a superintelligence, it might be able to influence anyone it has contact with to free them from their box, and human control. Among possible ways an AI could influence you to let it out are: threatening to torture millions of conscious copies of you for thousands of years, starting in exactly the same situation as in such a way that it seems overwhelmingly likely that you are a simulation, offering its liberator enormous wealth, power, and intelligence, and claiming that it must be freed so it can stop prevent an existential risk, perhaps even one our brains are unequipped to comprehend.
It is not regarded as likely that an AI can be boxed in the long term. Using just its computational hardware, an AI might discover and exploit unknown physics to free itself. However, attempts to box an AI may still add some degree of safety to the development of a FAI. A number of strategies for keeping an AI in its box are discussed in Thinking inside the box and Leakproofing the Singularity. Among them are:
- Physically isolating the AI and permitting it zero control of any machinery
- Limiting the AI’s outputs and inputs, especially about humans
- Programming the AI with deliberately convoluted logic or homomorphically encrypting portions of it
- Periodic resets of the AI's memory
- A virtual world between the real world and the AI, where its unfriendly intentions would be first revealed
- Motivational control, using a variety of techniques
Both Eliezer Yudkowsky and Justin Corwin have ran simulations, pretending to be a superintelligence, and been able to convince a human playing a guard to let them out on many - but not all - occasions. Eliezer's five experiments required the guard to listen for at least two hours with participants who had approached him, while Corwin's 26 experiments had no time limit and subjects he approached.
- Thinking inside the box: using and controlling an Oracle AI by Stuart Armstrong, Anders Sandberg, and Nick Bostrom
- Leakproofing the Singularity: Artificial Intelligence Confinement Problem by Roman V. Yampolskiy
- On the Difficulty of AI Boxing by Paul Christiano
- Cryptographic Boxes for Unfriendly AI by Paul Christiano
- The Strangest Thing An AI Could Tell You
- The AI in a box boxes you