The absurdity heuristic classifies highly untypical situations as "absurd", or impossible. While normally very useful, allowing to detect nonsense, it suffers from the same problems as representativeness heuristic.
There is a number of situations where absurdity heuristic is wrong. A deep theory has to override the intuitive expectation. Where you don't expect intuition to construct an adequate model of reality, classifying an idea as impossible may be overconfident. The future is usually "absurd", although sometimes it's possible to rigorously infer low bounds on capabilities of the future, proving possible what is intuitively absurd.
- Representativeness heuristic
- Generalization from fictional evidence
- Exploratory engineering