Belief update

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What you do to your beliefs, opinions and cognitive structure when new information comes along.

[[Cox's theorem]] says, roughly, that if your beliefs at any given time take the form of an assignment of a numerical "plausibility score" to every proposition, and if they satisfy a few plausible axioms, then your plausibilities must effectively be probabilities obeying the usual laws of probability theory, and your updating procedure must be the one implied by [[Bayes' theorem]].