Difference between revisions of "Cognitive style"

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==Foxes and Hedgehogs==
 
==Foxes and Hedgehogs==
This common distinction comes primarily from the essay "'''The Hedgehog and the Fox'''" by [[Wikipedia:Isiah Berlin|Isiah Berlin]], regarding the Russian author [[Wikipedia:Leo Tolstoy|Leo Tolstoy's]] theory of history.  
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This common distinction comes primarily from the essay "The Hedgehog and the Fox" by [[Wikipedia:Isiah Berlin|Isiah Berlin]], regarding the Russian author [[Wikipedia:Leo Tolstoy|Leo Tolstoy's]] theory of history.  
  
 
The title is a reference to a fragment attributed to the ancient Greek poet [[Wikipedia:Archilochus|Archilochus]]: {{polytonic|πόλλ' οἶδ' ἀλώπηξ, ἐχῖνος δ'ἓν μέγα}} ("The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing").  
 
The title is a reference to a fragment attributed to the ancient Greek poet [[Wikipedia:Archilochus|Archilochus]]: {{polytonic|πόλλ' οἶδ' ἀλώπηξ, ἐχῖνος δ'ἓν μέγα}} ("The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing").  

Revision as of 18:06, 8 April 2009

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Certain cognitive styles might tend to produce more accurate results. A common distinction between cognitive styles is that of foxes vs. hedgehogs, based on Isiah Berlin's famous essay.

Foxes and Hedgehogs

This common distinction comes primarily from the essay "The Hedgehog and the Fox" by Isiah Berlin, regarding the Russian author Leo Tolstoy's theory of history.

The title is a reference to a fragment attributed to the ancient Greek poet Archilochus: πόλλ' οἶδ' ἀλώπηξ, ἐχῖνος δ'ἓν μέγα ("The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing").

Berlin expands upon this idea to divide writers and thinkers into two categories: hedgehogs, who view the world through the lens of a single defining idea and foxes who draw on a wide variety of experiences and for whom the world cannot be boiled down to a single idea.

This distinction is used by Philip Tetlock in the book Expert Political Judgement, which concludes that foxes tend to be better calibrated and more accurate[1].

References

Footnotes
  1. Expert Political Judgement, Tetlock, pp. 68–86
Overcoming Bias Articles
Less Wrong Articles
Other Resources
  • Tetlock, Philip (2006). Expert Political Judgment. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691128715.