Difference between revisions of "Cognitive style"

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(New page: {{wikilink}} Certain cognitive styles might tend to produce more accurate results. A common distinction between cognitive styles is that of foxes vs. hedgehogs, based on [[Wikipedia:Isiah ...)
 
 
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Certain cognitive styles might tend to produce more accurate results. A common distinction between cognitive styles is that of foxes vs. hedgehogs, based on [[Wikipedia:Isiah Berlin|Isiah Berlin's]] famous essay.
 
Certain cognitive styles might tend to produce more accurate results. A common distinction between cognitive styles is that of foxes vs. hedgehogs, based on [[Wikipedia:Isiah Berlin|Isiah Berlin's]] famous essay.
  
==Foxes and Hedgehogs===
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==Foxes and Hedgehogs==
This common distinction comes primarily from the essay "'''The Hedgehog and the Fox'''" by [[Wikipedia:Isiah Berlin|Isiah Berlin]], regarding the Russian author [[Wikipedia:Leo Tolstoy|Leo Tolstoy's]] theory of history.  
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This common distinction comes primarily from the essay "The Hedgehog and the Fox" by [[Wikipedia:Isiah Berlin|Isiah Berlin]], regarding the Russian author [[Wikipedia:Leo Tolstoy|Leo Tolstoy's]] theory of history.  
  
 
The title is a reference to a fragment attributed to the ancient Greek poet [[Wikipedia:Archilochus|Archilochus]]: {{polytonic|πόλλ' οἶδ' ἀλώπηξ, ἐχῖνος δ'ἓν μέγα}} ("The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing").  
 
The title is a reference to a fragment attributed to the ancient Greek poet [[Wikipedia:Archilochus|Archilochus]]: {{polytonic|πόλλ' οἶδ' ἀλώπηξ, ἐχῖνος δ'ἓν μέγα}} ("The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing").  
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Berlin expands upon this idea to divide writers and thinkers into two categories: hedgehogs, who view the world through the lens of a single defining idea and foxes who draw on a wide variety of experiences and for whom the world cannot be boiled down to a single idea.
 
Berlin expands upon this idea to divide writers and thinkers into two categories: hedgehogs, who view the world through the lens of a single defining idea and foxes who draw on a wide variety of experiences and for whom the world cannot be boiled down to a single idea.
  
This distinction is used by [[Wikipedia:Philip Tetlock|Philip Tetlock]] in the book ''Expert Political Judgement'', which concludes that foxes tend to be better [[Calibration|calibrated]] and more accurate.
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This distinction is used by [[Wikipedia:Philip Tetlock|Philip Tetlock]] in the book ''Expert Political Judgement'', which concludes that foxes tend to be better [[Calibration|calibrated]] and more accurate<ref>''Expert Political Judgement'', Tetlock, pp. 68–86 </ref>.
  
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==Blog posts==
  
===See Also===
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* [http://www.overcomingbias.com/2006/11/quiz_fox_or_hed.html Quiz: Fox or Hedgehog?] by [[Hal Finney]]
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* [http://www.overcomingbias.com/2006/11/foxes_vs_hedgho.html Foxes vs Hedgehogs: Predictive Success] by [[Hal Finney]]
  
===References===
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==See also==
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    Delete or add sections below as necessary -->
 
  
=====Footnotes=====
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*[[Intellectual roles]]
<references/>
 
  
=====Overcoming Bias Articles=====
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==Other resources==
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    formatted as a list with each entry as "/Title/ by /Author/ -->
 
  
=====Less Wrong Articles=====
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* {{cite book
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  | last = Tetlock
    formatted as a list with each entry as "/Title/ by /Author/ -->
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  | first = Philip
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  | title = Expert Political Judgment
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  | publisher = Princeton University Press
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  | location = Princeton
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  | year = 2006
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  | isbn = 0691128715
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  }}
  
=====Other Resources=====
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[[Category:Concepts]]
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Latest revision as of 04:49, 29 September 2009

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Certain cognitive styles might tend to produce more accurate results. A common distinction between cognitive styles is that of foxes vs. hedgehogs, based on Isiah Berlin's famous essay.

Foxes and Hedgehogs

This common distinction comes primarily from the essay "The Hedgehog and the Fox" by Isiah Berlin, regarding the Russian author Leo Tolstoy's theory of history.

The title is a reference to a fragment attributed to the ancient Greek poet Archilochus: πόλλ' οἶδ' ἀλώπηξ, ἐχῖνος δ'ἓν μέγα ("The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing").

Berlin expands upon this idea to divide writers and thinkers into two categories: hedgehogs, who view the world through the lens of a single defining idea and foxes who draw on a wide variety of experiences and for whom the world cannot be boiled down to a single idea.

This distinction is used by Philip Tetlock in the book Expert Political Judgement, which concludes that foxes tend to be better calibrated and more accurate[1].

Blog posts

See also

Other resources

  • Tetlock, Philip (2006). Expert Political Judgment. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691128715. 
  • Expert Political Judgement, Tetlock, pp. 68–86