Difference between revisions of "Correspondence bias"

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'''Correspondence bias''', also known as the '''fundamental attribution error''' is the tendency to overestimate the the effects of lasting traits and dispositions in determining people's behavior, as compared to situational effects. Kicking a malfunctioing vending machine might be perceived by standerby as the action of an inherently angry person. Yet when we kick a vending machine, it is the obviously justified result of our failing grade on a test, the revocation of our driving license and the machine eating our money for the third time this week. We think of the other person as an [[human universal|evil mutant]] and ourselves as righteous actors.
The correspondence bias is the tendency to draw inferences about a person's unique and enduring dispositions from behaviors that can be entirely explained by the situations in which they occur.
 
|Gilbert and Malone|The correspondence bias}}
 
 
 
An example of the correspondence bias may be found in seeing someone kick a vending machine - we assume they must be an innately angry person. Yet when we kick a vending machine, it is the obviously justified result of our failing grade on a test, the revocation of our driving license and the machine eating our money for the third time this week. We think of the other person as an [[human universal|evil mutant]] and ourselves as righteous actors.
 
  
 
==Blog posts==
 
==Blog posts==

Revision as of 09:54, 2 September 2009

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Correspondence bias, also known as the fundamental attribution error is the tendency to overestimate the the effects of lasting traits and dispositions in determining people's behavior, as compared to situational effects. Kicking a malfunctioing vending machine might be perceived by standerby as the action of an inherently angry person. Yet when we kick a vending machine, it is the obviously justified result of our failing grade on a test, the revocation of our driving license and the machine eating our money for the third time this week. We think of the other person as an evil mutant and ourselves as righteous actors.

Blog posts

References

  • Gilbert, Daniel T.; Malone, Patrick S. (January 1995). "The correspondence bias". Psychological Bulletin 117 (1): 21-38.  (PDF)