Evidence for a given theory is the observation of an event that is more likely to occur if the theory is true than if it is false. (The event would be evidence against the theory if it is less likely if the theory is true.)
Posts by Eliezer Yudkowsky:
- What is Evidence?
- How Much Evidence Does It Take?
- Scientific Evidence, Legal Evidence, Rational Evidence
- The Lens That Sees Its Flaws
- No One Can Exempt You From Rationality's Laws
- That Alien Message
Posts by Others:
- theory and the symmetry of updating beliefs (by Academian)
- Rational evidence, Evidence of absence, Extraordinary evidence
- Filtered evidence
- Generalization from fictional evidence
- Conservation of expected evidence