Filtered evidence

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Filtered evidence is evidence that was selected for the purpose of proving (disproving) a hypothesis. Filtered evidence may be highly misleading, but still it can be useful, if considered with care.

An unrelated meaning of filtered evidence, is evidence which has been verified to meet a given standard of evidence. A common standard of evidence is thought to be needed in any kind of political or adversarial process, so as to avoid a breakdown of useful deliberation. This is the basic contribution of the scientific method and of legal evidence standards.

See also

Blog posts

What Evidence Filtered Evidence? by Eliezer Yudkowsky

Scientific Evidence, Legal Evidence, Rational Evidence by Eliezer Yudkowsky