Difference between revisions of "How To Actually Change Your Mind"

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A [[sequence]] on the ultra-high-level penultimate technique of [[rationality]]: ''How to actually change your mind.''
+
'''''How to Actually Change Your Mind''''' is the second book contained in the ebook ''[[Rationality: From AI to Zombies]]'', by Eliezer Yudkowsky. It is the edited version of [[Original sequences#How to Actually Change Your Mind|a series of blog posts in "the Sequences"]], and covers the ultra-high-level penultimate technique of [[rationality]]: triumphing over confirmation bias and motivated cognition.
  
Posts in this collection are scattered across widely ranging dates and times.
+
''How to Actually Change Your Mind'' contains seven sequences of essays. These are all collected in the ''Rationality: From AI to Zombies'' ebook, but the essay names below are also linked to the original blog posts.
  
=Subsequences=
+
The previous book in the series is ''[[Map and Territory]]'', and the next book is ''[[The Machine in the Ghost]]''.
  
==[[Politics is the Mind-Killer]]==
+
 
 +
__TOC__
 +
 
  
Most important posts:
+
===E. Overly Convenient Excuses===
 +
:46. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/gq/the_proper_use_of_humility/ The Proper Use of Humility]
 +
:47. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/hu/the_third_alternative/ The Third Alternative]
 +
:48. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/hl/lotteries_a_waste_of_hope/ Lotteries: A Waste of  Hope]
 +
:49. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/hm/new_improved_lottery/ New Improved Lottery]
 +
:50. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ml/but_theres_still_a_chance_right/ But There's Still A Chance, Right?]
 +
:51. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mm/the_fallacy_of_gray/ The Fallacy of Gray]
 +
:52. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mn/absolute_authority/ Absolute Authority]
 +
:53. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jr/how_to_convince_me_that_2_2_3/ How to Convince Me That 2 + 2 = 3]
 +
:54. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mo/infinite_certainty/ Infinite Certainty]
 +
:55. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mp/0_and_1_are_not_probabilities/ 0 And 1 Are Not Probabilities]
 +
:56. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/hn/your_rationality_is_my_business/ Your Rationality is My Business]
  
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/gt/a_fable_of_science_and_politics/ A Fable of Science and Politics]
+
===F. Politics and Rationality===
* [http://www.overcomingbias.com/2007/02/politics_is_the.html Politics is the Mind-Killer]
+
:57. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/gw/politics_is_the_mindkiller/ Politics is the Mind-Killer]
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/gz/policy_debates_should_not_appear_onesided/ Policy Debates Should Not Appear One-Sided]
+
:58. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/gz/policy_debates_should_not_appear_onesided/ Policy Debates Should Not Appear One-Sided]
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/h1/the_scales_of_justice_the_notebook_of_rationality/ The Scales of Justice, the Notebook of Rationality]
+
:59. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/h1/the_scales_of_justice_the_notebook_of_rationality/ The Scales of Justice, the Notebook of Rationality]
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lw/reversed_stupidity_is_not_intelligence/ Reversed Stupidity is Not Intelligence]
+
:60. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/hz/correspondence_bias/ Correspondence Bias]
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lx/argument_screens_off_authority/ Argument Screens Off Authority]
+
:61. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/i0/are_your_enemies_innately_evil/ Are Your Enemies Innately Evil?]
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ly/hug_the_query/ Hug the Query]
+
:62. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lw/reversed_stupidity_is_not_intelligence/ Reversed Stupidity is Not Intelligence]
 +
:63. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lx/argument_screens_off_authority/ Argument Screens Off Authority]
 +
:64. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ly/hug_the_query/ Hug the Query]
 +
:65. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jc/rationality_and_the_english_language/ Rationality and the English Language]
 +
:66. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jd/human_evil_and_muddled_thinking/ Human Evil and Muddled Thinking]
  
==[[Death Spirals and the Cult Attractor]]==
+
===G. Against Rationalization===
 +
:67. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/he/knowing_about_biases_can_hurt_people/ Knowing About Biases Can Hurt People]
 +
:68. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ij/update_yourself_incrementally/ Update Yourself Incrementally]
 +
:69. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ik/one_argument_against_an_army/ One Argument Against An Army]
 +
:70. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/js/the_bottom_line/ The Bottom Line]
 +
:71. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jt/what_evidence_filtered_evidence/ What Evidence Filtered Evidence?]
 +
:72. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ju/rationalization/ Rationalization]
 +
:73. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jw/a_rational_argument/ A Rational Argument]
 +
:74. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jy/avoiding_your_beliefs_real_weak_points/ Avoiding Your Belief's Real Weak Points]
 +
:75. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/km/motivated_stopping_and_motivated_continuation/ Motivated Stopping and Motivated Continuation]
 +
:76. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/kq/fake_justification/ Fake Justification]
 +
:77. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/wj/is_that_your_true_rejection/ Is That Your True Rejection?]
 +
:78. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/uw/entangled_truths_contagious_lies/ Entangled Truths, Contagious Lies]
 +
:79. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/9a/of_lies_and_black_swan_blowups/ Of Lies and Black Swan Blowups]
 +
:80. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/uy/dark_side_epistemology/ Dark Side Epistemology]
  
Most important posts:
+
===H. Against Doublethink===
 +
:81. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k0/singlethink/ Singlethink]
 +
:82. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/je/doublethink_choosing_to_be_biased/ Doublethink: Choosing to be Biased]
 +
:83. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/r/no_really_ive_deceived_myself/ No, Really, I've Deceived Myself]
 +
:84. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/s/belief_in_selfdeception/ Belief in Self-Deception]
 +
:85. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/1f/moores_paradox/ Moore's Paradox]
 +
:86. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/1o/dont_believe_youll_selfdeceive/ Don't Believe You'll Self-Deceive]
  
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lg/the_affect_heuristic/ The Affect Heuristic]
+
===I. Seeing with Fresh Eyes===
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lj/the_halo_effect/ The Halo Effect]
+
:87. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/j7/anchoring_and_adjustment/ Anchoring and Adjustment]
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lm/affective_death_spirals/ Affective Death Spirals]'''
+
:88. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k3/priming_and_contamination/ Priming and Contamination]
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ln/resist_the_happy_death_spiral/ Resist the Happy Death Spiral]
+
:89. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k4/do_we_believe_everything_were_told/ Do We Believe Everything We're Told?]
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lo/uncritical_supercriticality/ Uncritical Supercriticality]'''
+
:90. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k5/cached_thoughts/ Cached Thoughts]
 +
:91. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k6/the_outside_the_box_box/ The 'Outside the Box' Box]
 +
:92. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k7/original_seeing/ Original Seeing]
 +
:93. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/j1/stranger_than_history/ Stranger Than History]
 +
:94. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k9/the_logical_fallacy_of_generalization_from/ The Logical Fallacy of Generalization from Fictional Evidence]
 +
:95. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ic/the_virtue_of_narrowness/ The Virtue of Narrowness]
 +
:96. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k8/how_to_seem_and_be_deep/ How to Seem (and Be) Deep]
 +
:97. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jx/we_change_our_minds_less_often_than_we_think/ We Change Our Minds Less Often Than We Think]
 +
:98. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ka/hold_off_on_proposing_solutions/ Hold Off On Proposing Solutions]'''
 +
:99. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/s3/the_genetic_fallacy/ The Genetic Fallacy]
  
==[[Seeing with Fresh Eyes]]==
+
===J. Death Spirals and the Cult Attractor===
 +
:100. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lg/the_affect_heuristic/ The Affect Heuristic]
 +
:101. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lh/evaluability_and_cheap_holiday_shopping/ Evaluability and Cheap Holiday Shopping]
 +
:102. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/li/unbounded_scales_huge_jury_awards_futurism/ Unbounded Scales, Huge Jury Awards, & Futurism]
 +
:103. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lj/the_halo_effect/ The Halo Effect]
 +
:104. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lk/superhero_bias/ Superhero Bias]
 +
:105. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ll/mere_messiahs/ Mere Messiahs]
 +
:106. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lm/affective_death_spirals/ Affective Death Spirals]
 +
:107. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ln/resist_the_happy_death_spiral/ Resist the Happy Death Spiral]
 +
:108. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lo/uncritical_supercriticality/ Uncritical Supercriticality]
 +
:109. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lr/evaporative_cooling_of_group_beliefs/ Evaporative Cooling of Group Beliefs]
 +
:110. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ls/when_none_dare_urge_restraint/ When None Dare Urge Restraint]
 +
:111. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lt/the_robbers_cave_experiment/ The Robbers Cave Experiment]
 +
:112. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lv/every_cause_wants_to_be_a_cult/ Every Cause Wants to be a Cult]
 +
:113. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/lz/guardians_of_the_truth/ Guardians of the Truth]
 +
:114. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/m0/guardians_of_the_gene_pool/ Guardians of the Gene Pool]
 +
:115. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/m1/guardians_of_ayn_rand/ Guardians of Ayn Rand]
 +
:116. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/m4/two_cult_koans/ Two Cult Koans]
 +
:117. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/m9/aschs_conformity_experiment/ Asch's Conformity Experiment]
 +
:118. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ma/on_expressing_your_concerns/ On Expressing Your Concerns]
 +
:119. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mb/lonely_dissent/ Lonely Dissent]
 +
:120. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/md/cultish_countercultishness/ Cultish Countercultishness]
  
Most important posts:
+
===K. Letting Go===
 +
:121. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/i9/the_importance_of_saying_oops/ The Importance of Saying "Oops"]
 +
:122. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/j8/the_crackpot_offer/ The Crackpot Offer]
 +
:123. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/gx/just_lose_hope_already/ Just Lose Hope Already]
 +
:124. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ib/the_proper_use_of_doubt/ The Proper Use of Doubt]
 +
:125. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/id/you_can_face_reality/ You Can Face Reality]
 +
:126. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jz/the_meditation_on_curiosity/ The Meditation on Curiosity]
 +
:127. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k1/no_one_can_exempt_you_from_rationalitys_laws/ No One Can Exempt You From Rationality's Laws]
 +
:128. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/o4/leave_a_line_of_retreat/ Leave a Line of Retreat]
 +
:129. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ur/crisis_of_faith/ Crisis of Faith]
 +
:130. [http://lesswrong.com/lw/us/the_ritual/ The Ritual]
  
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/j7/anchoring_and_adjustment/ Anchoring and Adjustment]
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jx/we_change_our_minds_less_often_than_we_think/ We Change Our Minds Less Often Than We Think]'''
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ka/hold_off_on_proposing_solutions/ Hold Off On Proposing Solutions]'''
 
* ''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/k4/do_we_believe_everything_were_told/ Do We Believe Everything We're Told?]''
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/k5/cached_thoughts/ Cached Thoughts]'''
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m9/aschs_conformity_experiment/ Asch's Conformity Experiment]'''
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mb/lonely_dissent/ Lonely Dissent]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/s3/the_genetic_fallacy/ The Genetic Fallacy]
 
  
==Noticing Confusion==
+
[[Category:Techniques]][[Category:Sequences]]
 
 
(Heavy overlap with [[Mysterious Answers to Mysterious Questions]].)
 
 
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/if/your_strength_as_a_rationalist/ Your Strength as a Rationalist]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ih/absence_of_evidence_is_evidence_of_absence/ Absence of Evidence ''Is'' Evidence of Absence]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/il/hindsight_bias/ Hindsight Bias]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/im/hindsight_devalues_science/ Hindsight Devalues Science]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/iw/positive_bias_look_into_the_dark/ Positive Bias: Look Into the Dark]
 
 
 
==Against Rationalization==
 
 
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/he/knowing_about_biases_can_hurt_people/ Knowing About Biases Can Hurt People]'''
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ii/conservation_of_expected_evidence/ Conservation of Expected Evidence]
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ij/update_yourself_incrementally/ Update Yourself Incrementally]'''
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ik/one_argument_against_an_army/ One Argument Against An Army]
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/js/the_bottom_line/ The Bottom Line]'''
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jt/what_evidence_filtered_evidence/ What Evidence Filtered Evidence?]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ju/rationalization/ Rationalization]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jw/a_rational_argument/ A Rational Argument]
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jy/avoiding_your_beliefs_real_weak_points/ Avoiding Your Belief's Real Weak Points]'''
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/km/motivated_stopping_and_motivated_continuation/ Motivated Stopping and Motivated Continuation]'''
 
** ''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ko/a_case_study_of_motivated_continuation/ A Case Study of Motivated Continuation]''
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/kq/fake_justification/ Fake Justification]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/kz/fake_optimization_criteria/ Fake Optimization Criteria]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/wj/is_that_your_true_rejection/ Is That Your True Rejection?]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/uw/entangled_truths_contagious_lies/ Entangled Truths, Contagious Lies]
 
** [http://lesswrong.com/lw/9a/of_lies_and_black_swan_blowups/ Of Lies and Black Swan Blowups]
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/uy/dark_side_epistemology/ Anti-Epistemology]'''
 
 
 
==Against Doublethink==
 
 
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/i4/belief_in_belief/ Belief in Belief]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k0/singlethink/ Singlethink]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/je/doublethink_choosing_to_be_biased/ Doublethink: Choosing to be Biased]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/r/no_really_ive_deceived_myself/ No, Really, I've Deceived Myself]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/s/belief_in_selfdeception/ Belief in Self-Deception]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/1f/moores_paradox/ Moore's Paradox]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/1o/dont_believe_youll_selfdeceive/ Don't Believe You'll Self-Deceive]
 
 
 
==Overly Convenient Excuses==
 
 
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/gq/the_proper_use_of_humility/ The Proper Use of Humility]'''
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/hu/the_third_alternative/ The Third Alternative]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/19m/privileging_the_hypothesis/ Privileging the Hypothesis] (and its [[Privileging the hypothesis | requisites]], like [[Locating the hypothesis]])
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ml/but_theres_still_a_chance_right/ But There's Still A Chance, Right?]
 
** [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mm/the_fallacy_of_gray/ The Fallacy of Gray]
 
** [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mn/absolute_authority/ Absolute Authority]
 
** [http://lesswrong.com/lw/jr/how_to_convince_me_that_2_2_3/ How to Convince Me That 2 + 2 = 3]
 
** [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mo/infinite_certainty/ Infinite Certainty]
 
** [http://lesswrong.com/lw/mp/0_and_1_are_not_probabilities/ 0 And 1 Are Not Probabilities]
 
 
 
==Letting Go==
 
 
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/hp/feeling_rational/ Feeling Rational]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/i9/the_importance_of_saying_oops/ The Importance of Saying "Oops"]
 
** ''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/j8/the_crackpot_offer/ The Crackpot Offer]''
 
** ''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/gx/just_lose_hope_already/ Just Lose Hope Already]''
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/ib/the_proper_use_of_doubt/ The Proper Use of Doubt]
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/id/you_can_face_reality/ You ''Can'' Face Reality]'''
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jz/the_meditation_on_curiosity/ The Meditation on Curiosity]'''
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/k1/no_one_can_exempt_you_from_rationalitys_laws/ No One Can Exempt You From Rationality's Laws]
 
* [http://lesswrong.com/lw/o4/leave_a_line_of_retreat/ Leave a Line of Retreat]
 
* '''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ur/crisis_of_faith/ Crisis of Faith]'''
 
** [http://lesswrong.com/lw/us/the_ritual/ The Ritual] (short story)
 
 
 
=See also=
 
 
 
* [[Locating the hypothesis]] and [[Privileging the hypothesis]]
 
* [[Litany of Gendlin]] and [[Litany of Tarski]]
 
 
 
[[Category:Techniques]][[Category:Sequences]]{{stub}}
 

Latest revision as of 22:13, 10 August 2017

How to Actually Change Your Mind is the second book contained in the ebook Rationality: From AI to Zombies, by Eliezer Yudkowsky. It is the edited version of a series of blog posts in "the Sequences", and covers the ultra-high-level penultimate technique of rationality: triumphing over confirmation bias and motivated cognition.

How to Actually Change Your Mind contains seven sequences of essays. These are all collected in the Rationality: From AI to Zombies ebook, but the essay names below are also linked to the original blog posts.

The previous book in the series is Map and Territory, and the next book is The Machine in the Ghost.

 

 

E. Overly Convenient Excuses

46. The Proper Use of Humility
47. The Third Alternative
48. Lotteries: A Waste of Hope
49. New Improved Lottery
50. But There's Still A Chance, Right?
51. The Fallacy of Gray
52. Absolute Authority
53. How to Convince Me That 2 + 2 = 3
54. Infinite Certainty
55. 0 And 1 Are Not Probabilities
56. Your Rationality is My Business

F. Politics and Rationality

57. Politics is the Mind-Killer
58. Policy Debates Should Not Appear One-Sided
59. The Scales of Justice, the Notebook of Rationality
60. Correspondence Bias
61. Are Your Enemies Innately Evil?
62. Reversed Stupidity is Not Intelligence
63. Argument Screens Off Authority
64. Hug the Query
65. Rationality and the English Language
66. Human Evil and Muddled Thinking

G. Against Rationalization

67. Knowing About Biases Can Hurt People
68. Update Yourself Incrementally
69. One Argument Against An Army
70. The Bottom Line
71. What Evidence Filtered Evidence?
72. Rationalization
73. A Rational Argument
74. Avoiding Your Belief's Real Weak Points
75. Motivated Stopping and Motivated Continuation
76. Fake Justification
77. Is That Your True Rejection?
78. Entangled Truths, Contagious Lies
79. Of Lies and Black Swan Blowups
80. Dark Side Epistemology

H. Against Doublethink

81. Singlethink
82. Doublethink: Choosing to be Biased
83. No, Really, I've Deceived Myself
84. Belief in Self-Deception
85. Moore's Paradox
86. Don't Believe You'll Self-Deceive

I. Seeing with Fresh Eyes

87. Anchoring and Adjustment
88. Priming and Contamination
89. Do We Believe Everything We're Told?
90. Cached Thoughts
91. The 'Outside the Box' Box
92. Original Seeing
93. Stranger Than History
94. The Logical Fallacy of Generalization from Fictional Evidence
95. The Virtue of Narrowness
96. How to Seem (and Be) Deep
97. We Change Our Minds Less Often Than We Think
98. Hold Off On Proposing Solutions
99. The Genetic Fallacy

J. Death Spirals and the Cult Attractor

100. The Affect Heuristic
101. Evaluability and Cheap Holiday Shopping
102. Unbounded Scales, Huge Jury Awards, & Futurism
103. The Halo Effect
104. Superhero Bias
105. Mere Messiahs
106. Affective Death Spirals
107. Resist the Happy Death Spiral
108. Uncritical Supercriticality
109. Evaporative Cooling of Group Beliefs
110. When None Dare Urge Restraint
111. The Robbers Cave Experiment
112. Every Cause Wants to be a Cult
113. Guardians of the Truth
114. Guardians of the Gene Pool
115. Guardians of Ayn Rand
116. Two Cult Koans
117. Asch's Conformity Experiment
118. On Expressing Your Concerns
119. Lonely Dissent
120. Cultish Countercultishness

K. Letting Go

121. The Importance of Saying "Oops"
122. The Crackpot Offer
123. Just Lose Hope Already
124. The Proper Use of Doubt
125. You Can Face Reality
126. The Meditation on Curiosity
127. No One Can Exempt You From Rationality's Laws
128. Leave a Line of Retreat
129. Crisis of Faith
130. The Ritual