Nanotechnology is the field of study concerned with the manipulation of matter at an atomic and molecular scale. Tipically, this involves structures with sizes ranging from 1 to 100 nanometres. It is currently one of the most well-funded areas worlwide. The term was first coined in 1974 by Norio Taniguchi.
The emergence of nanotechnology as a field by itself was the result of the convergence of several lines of work. These include the development of the scanning tunneling microscope by Gerd Binnigg and Einrich Rohrer in 1980s, Richard Feynman's talk "There's plenty of room at the Bottom" in 1959 and Eric Drexler suggestions of molecular manipulation in the 70s.
Further Reading & References
- Binnig, G.; Rohrer, H. (1986). "Scanning tunneling microscopy". IBM Journal of Research and Development 30: 4.
- "Nanoscience and nanotechnologies: opportunities and uncertainties". Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering. July 2004. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- Allhoff, Fritz; Lin, Patrick; Moore, Daniel (2010). What is nanotechnology and why does it matter?: from science to ethics. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 3–5. ISBN 1-4051-7545-1.