Difference between revisions of "Near/far thinking"

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m (Changed Formatting to Table So You Can Easily Compare Each Near/Far Item)
(By Robin Hanson)
 
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Near and far are two modes (or a spectrum of modes) in which we can think about things. We choose which mode to think about something in based on its distance from us, or on the level of detail we need. This property of human mind is studied in [http://www.psych-it.com.au/Psychlopedia/article.asp?id=79 construal level theory].
 
Near and far are two modes (or a spectrum of modes) in which we can think about things. We choose which mode to think about something in based on its distance from us, or on the level of detail we need. This property of human mind is studied in [http://www.psych-it.com.au/Psychlopedia/article.asp?id=79 construal level theory].
  
{|
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*NEAR: All of these bring each other more to mind: here, now, me, us; trend-deviating likely real local events; concrete, context-dependent, unstructured, detailed, goal-irrelevant incidental features; feasible safe acts; secondary local concerns; socially close folks with unstable traits.
! NEAR: All of these bring each other more to mind !! FAR: All these bring each other more to mind
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|-
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*FAR: Conversely, all these bring each other more to mind: there, then, them; trend-following unlikely hypothetical global events; abstract, schematic, context-freer, core, coarse, goal-related features; desirable risk-taking acts, central global symbolic concerns, confident predictions, polarized evaluations, socially distant people with stable traits. 
|Here || There
 
|-
 
|Now || Then
 
|-
 
|Me || Them
 
|-
 
|Trend-Deviating Likely Real Local Events || Trend-Following Unlikely Hypothetical Global Events
 
|-
 
|Concrete || Abstract
 
|-
 
|Context-Dependent || Context-Freerer
 
|-
 
|Unstructured || Schematic
 
|-
 
|Course || Detailed
 
|-
 
|Goal-Irrelevant Incidental Features || Goal-Related Features
 
|-
 
|Feasible Safe Acts || Desirable Risk-Taking Acts
 
|-
 
|Secondary Local Concerns || Central Global Symbolic Concerns
 
|-
 
|Socially Close Folks with Unstable Traits || Socially Distant People with Stable Traits
 
|-
 
| || Confident Predictions
 
|-
 
| || Polarized Evaluations
 
|}
 
  
 
==Blog posts==
 
==Blog posts==
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=====By [[Robin Hanson]]=====
 
=====By [[Robin Hanson]]=====
  
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*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2010/06/near-far-summary.html Near-Far Summary]
 
*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2008/11/abstractdistant.html Abstract/Distant Future Bias]
 
*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2008/11/abstractdistant.html Abstract/Distant Future Bias]
 
*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2009/01/disagreement-is-nearfar-bias.html Disagreement is Near-Far Bias]
 
*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2009/01/disagreement-is-nearfar-bias.html Disagreement is Near-Far Bias]
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*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2009/01/a-tale-of-two-tradeoffs.html A Tale Of Two Tradeoffs]
 
*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2009/01/a-tale-of-two-tradeoffs.html A Tale Of Two Tradeoffs]
 
*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2009/01/beware-detached-detail.html Beware Detached Detail]
 
*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/2009/01/beware-detached-detail.html Beware Detached Detail]
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*[http://www.overcomingbias.com/tag/nearfar All Overcoming Bias articles tagged "NearFar"]
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=====By others=====
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/xq/getting_nearer/ Getting Nearer]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/1c2/near_and_far_skills/ Near and Far Skills] by cousin_it
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/2hf/a_speculation_on_near_and_far_modes/ A speculation on Near and Far Modes] by Michael Vassar
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==

Latest revision as of 13:35, 21 March 2012

Near and far are two modes (or a spectrum of modes) in which we can think about things. We choose which mode to think about something in based on its distance from us, or on the level of detail we need. This property of human mind is studied in construal level theory.

  • NEAR: All of these bring each other more to mind: here, now, me, us; trend-deviating likely real local events; concrete, context-dependent, unstructured, detailed, goal-irrelevant incidental features; feasible safe acts; secondary local concerns; socially close folks with unstable traits.
  • FAR: Conversely, all these bring each other more to mind: there, then, them; trend-following unlikely hypothetical global events; abstract, schematic, context-freer, core, coarse, goal-related features; desirable risk-taking acts, central global symbolic concerns, confident predictions, polarized evaluations, socially distant people with stable traits.

Blog posts

By Robin Hanson
By others

External links

See also