Difference between revisions of "Original sequences"

From Lesswrongwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 3: Line 3:
 
In 2015, these sequences were edited into an ebook, ''[[Rationality: From AI to Zombies]]''. The ebook leaves out some of the original posts, as well as adding some essays that were written by Yudkowsky during the same time but never previously collected into a named sequence. This page will serve to collect the older, deprecated sequences.
 
In 2015, these sequences were edited into an ebook, ''[[Rationality: From AI to Zombies]]''. The ebook leaves out some of the original posts, as well as adding some essays that were written by Yudkowsky during the same time but never previously collected into a named sequence. This page will serve to collect the older, deprecated sequences.
  
'''Bolded''' essays are more important than other posts in the sequence -- and '''<big>big bolded</big>''' essays even more so -- while <small>shrunk</small> essays are relatively unimportant. Some essays are also indented to indicate that they are tangents or self-contained elaborations upon a previous essay.
+
'''Bolded''' essays are more important than other posts in the sequence -- and '''<big>big bolded</big>''' essays even more so -- while ''italicized'' essays are relatively unimportant. Some essays are also indented to indicate that they are tangents or self-contained elaborations upon a previous essay.
 +
 
 +
__TOC__
  
 
===[[Map and Territory (sequence)|Map and Territory]]===
 
===[[Map and Territory (sequence)|Map and Territory]]===
Line 15: Line 17:
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jp/occams_razor/ Occam's Razor]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jp/occams_razor/ Occam's Razor]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jm/the_lens_that_sees_its_flaws/ The Lens That Sees Its Flaws]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jm/the_lens_that_sees_its_flaws/ The Lens That Sees Its Flaws]
 +
;&nbsp;
  
 
===[[Mysterious Answers to Mysterious Questions]]===
 
===[[Mysterious Answers to Mysterious Questions]]===
Line 46: Line 49:
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/la/truly_part_of_you/ Truly Part of You]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/la/truly_part_of_you/ Truly Part of You]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/wb/chaotic_inversion/ Chaotic Inversion]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/wb/chaotic_inversion/ Chaotic Inversion]
 +
;&nbsp;
  
 
===How to Actually Change Your Mind===
 
===How to Actually Change Your Mind===
Line 59: Line 63:
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lt/the_robbers_cave_experiment/ The Robbers Cave Experiment]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lt/the_robbers_cave_experiment/ The Robbers Cave Experiment]
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lw/reversed_stupidity_is_not_intelligence/ Reversed Stupidity is Not Intelligence]
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lw/reversed_stupidity_is_not_intelligence/ Reversed Stupidity is Not Intelligence]
:#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lx/argument_screens_off_authority/ Argument Screens Off Authority]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lx/argument_screens_off_authority/ Argument Screens Off Authority]
:#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ly/hug_the_query/ Hug the Query]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ly/hug_the_query/ Hug the Query]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jc/rationality_and_the_english_language/ Rationality and the English Language]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jc/rationality_and_the_english_language/ Rationality and the English Language]
#<small>[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m2/the_litany_against_gurus/ The Litany Against Gurus]</small>
+
#''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m2/the_litany_against_gurus/ The Litany Against Gurus]''
:#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m3/politics_and_awful_art/ Politics and Awful Art]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m3/politics_and_awful_art/ Politics and Awful Art]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m5/false_laughter/ False Laughter]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m5/false_laughter/ False Laughter]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jd/human_evil_and_muddled_thinking/ Human Evil and Muddled Thinking]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jd/human_evil_and_muddled_thinking/ Human Evil and Muddled Thinking]
Line 70: Line 74:
 
Most important posts:
 
Most important posts:
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lg/the_affect_heuristic/ The Affect Heuristic]
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lg/the_affect_heuristic/ The Affect Heuristic]
 +
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lh/evaluability_and_cheap_holiday_shopping/ Evaluability and Cheap Holiday Shopping]''
 +
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/li/unbounded_scales_huge_jury_awards_futurism/ Unbounded Scales, Huge Jury Awards, & Futurism]''
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lj/the_halo_effect/ The Halo Effect]
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lj/the_halo_effect/ The Halo Effect]
 +
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lk/superhero_bias/ Superhero Bias]''
 +
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ll/mere_messiahs/ Mere Messiahs]''
 
#'''<big>[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lm/affective_death_spirals/ Affective Death Spirals]</big>
 
#'''<big>[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lm/affective_death_spirals/ Affective Death Spirals]</big>
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ln/resist_the_happy_death_spiral/ Resist the Happy Death Spiral]
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ln/resist_the_happy_death_spiral/ Resist the Happy Death Spiral]
 
#'''<big>[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lo/uncritical_supercriticality/ Uncritical Supercriticality]</big>
 
#'''<big>[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lo/uncritical_supercriticality/ Uncritical Supercriticality]</big>
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lr/evaporative_cooling_of_group_beliefs/ Evaporative Cooling of Group Beliefs]
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ls/when_none_dare_urge_restraint/ When None Dare Urge Restraint]
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lt/the_robbers_cave_experiment/ The Robbers Cave Experiment]
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lv/every_cause_wants_to_be_a_cult/ Every Cause Wants to be a Cult]
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lz/guardians_of_the_truth/ Guardians of the Truth]
 +
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m0/guardians_of_the_gene_pool/ Guardians of the Gene Pool]''
 +
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m1/guardians_of_ayn_rand/ Guardians of Ayn Rand]
 +
#''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m2/the_litany_against_gurus/ The Litany Against Gurus]''
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m4/two_cult_koans/ Two Cult Koans]
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/m9/aschs_conformity_experiment/ Asch's Conformity Experiment]
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mb/lonely_dissent/ Lonely Dissent]
 +
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/md/cultish_countercultishness/ Cultish Countercultishness]
 
;&nbsp;
 
;&nbsp;
 
;Seeing with Fresh Eyes
 
;Seeing with Fresh Eyes
Line 106: Line 126:
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jy/avoiding_your_beliefs_real_weak_points/ Avoiding Your Belief's Real Weak Points]'''
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jy/avoiding_your_beliefs_real_weak_points/ Avoiding Your Belief's Real Weak Points]'''
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/km/motivated_stopping_and_motivated_continuation/ Motivated Stopping and Motivated Continuation]'''
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/km/motivated_stopping_and_motivated_continuation/ Motivated Stopping and Motivated Continuation]'''
:#''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ko/a_case_study_of_motivated_continuation/ A Case Study of Motivated Continuation]''
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ko/a_case_study_of_motivated_continuation/ A Case Study of Motivated Continuation]''
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/kq/fake_justification/ Fake Justification]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/kq/fake_justification/ Fake Justification]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/kz/fake_optimization_criteria/ Fake Optimization Criteria]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/kz/fake_optimization_criteria/ Fake Optimization Criteria]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/wj/is_that_your_true_rejection/ Is That Your True Rejection?]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/wj/is_that_your_true_rejection/ Is That Your True Rejection?]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/uw/entangled_truths_contagious_lies/ Entangled Truths, Contagious Lies]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/uw/entangled_truths_contagious_lies/ Entangled Truths, Contagious Lies]
:#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/9a/of_lies_and_black_swan_blowups/ Of Lies and Black Swan Blowups]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/9a/of_lies_and_black_swan_blowups/ Of Lies and Black Swan Blowups]
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/uy/dark_side_epistemology/ Anti-Epistemology]'''
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/uy/dark_side_epistemology/ Anti-Epistemology]'''
:#''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/57/the_sacred_mundane/ The Sacred Mundane]''
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/57/the_sacred_mundane/ The Sacred Mundane]''
 
;&nbsp;
 
;&nbsp;
 
;Against Doublethink
 
;Against Doublethink
Line 128: Line 148:
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/19m/privileging_the_hypothesis/ Privileging the Hypothesis] (and its [[Privileging the hypothesis | requisites]], like [[Locating the hypothesis]])
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/19m/privileging_the_hypothesis/ Privileging the Hypothesis] (and its [[Privileging the hypothesis | requisites]], like [[Locating the hypothesis]])
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ml/but_theres_still_a_chance_right/ But There's Still A Chance, Right?]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ml/but_theres_still_a_chance_right/ But There's Still A Chance, Right?]
:#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mm/the_fallacy_of_gray/ The Fallacy of Gray]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mm/the_fallacy_of_gray/ The Fallacy of Gray]
:#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mn/absolute_authority/ Absolute Authority]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mn/absolute_authority/ Absolute Authority]
:#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jr/how_to_convince_me_that_2_2_3/ How to Convince Me That 2 + 2 = 3]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/jr/how_to_convince_me_that_2_2_3/ How to Convince Me That 2 + 2 = 3]
:#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mo/infinite_certainty/ Infinite Certainty]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mo/infinite_certainty/ Infinite Certainty]
:#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mp/0_and_1_are_not_probabilities/ 0 And 1 Are Not Probabilities]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mp/0_and_1_are_not_probabilities/ 0 And 1 Are Not Probabilities]
 
;&nbsp;
 
;&nbsp;
 
;Letting Go
 
;Letting Go
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/hp/feeling_rational/ Feeling Rational]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/hp/feeling_rational/ Feeling Rational]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/i9/the_importance_of_saying_oops/ The Importance of Saying "Oops"]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/i9/the_importance_of_saying_oops/ The Importance of Saying "Oops"]
#:''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/j8/the_crackpot_offer/ The Crackpot Offer]''
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/j8/the_crackpot_offer/ The Crackpot Offer]''
#:''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/gx/just_lose_hope_already/ Just Lose Hope Already]''
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/gx/just_lose_hope_already/ Just Lose Hope Already]''
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ib/the_proper_use_of_doubt/ The Proper Use of Doubt]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ib/the_proper_use_of_doubt/ The Proper Use of Doubt]
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/id/you_can_face_reality/ You ''Can'' Face Reality]'''
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/id/you_can_face_reality/ You ''Can'' Face Reality]'''
Line 146: Line 166:
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/o4/leave_a_line_of_retreat/ Leave a Line of Retreat]
 
#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/o4/leave_a_line_of_retreat/ Leave a Line of Retreat]
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ur/crisis_of_faith/ Crisis of Faith]'''
 
#'''[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ur/crisis_of_faith/ Crisis of Faith]'''
:#[http://lesswrong.com/lw/us/the_ritual/ The Ritual]
+
#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://lesswrong.com/lw/us/the_ritual/ The Ritual]
 +
;&nbsp;

Revision as of 18:07, 29 May 2015

The original sequences were a series of essays written by Eliezer Yudkowsky between 2006 and 2009 on the blogs Overcoming Bias and Less Wrong. About half of these essays were organized into a number of thematically linked "sequences" of blog posts--hence the name.

In 2015, these sequences were edited into an ebook, Rationality: From AI to Zombies. The ebook leaves out some of the original posts, as well as adding some essays that were written by Yudkowsky during the same time but never previously collected into a named sequence. This page will serve to collect the older, deprecated sequences.

Bolded essays are more important than other posts in the sequence -- and big bolded essays even more so -- while italicized essays are relatively unimportant. Some essays are also indented to indicate that they are tangents or self-contained elaborations upon a previous essay.

Map and Territory

  1. The Simple Truth @yudkowsky.net
  2. What Do We Mean By "Rationality"?
  3. An Intuitive Explanation of Bayes's Theorem @yudkowsky.net
  4. Why truth? And...
  5. What is Evidence?
  6. How Much Evidence Does It Take?
  7. How to Convince Me That 2 + 2 = 3
  8. Occam's Razor
  9. The Lens That Sees Its Flaws
 

Mysterious Answers to Mysterious Questions

  1. Making Beliefs Pay Rent (in Anticipated Experiences)
  2. Belief in Belief
  3. Bayesian Judo
  4. Professing and Cheering
  5. Belief as Attire
  6. Focus Your Uncertainty
  7. The Virtue of Narrowness
  8. Your Strength As A Rationalist
  9. Absence of Evidence is Evidence of Absence
  10. Conservation of Expected Evidence
  11. Hindsight Bias
  12. Hindsight Devalues Science
  13. Fake Explanations
  14. Guessing the Teacher's Password
  15. Science as Attire
  16. Fake Causality
  17. Semantic Stopsigns
  18. Mysterious Answers to Mysterious Questions
  19. The Futility of Emergence
  20. Say Not "Complexity"
  21. Positive Bias: Look Into the Dark
  22. My Wild and Reckless Youth
  23. Failing to Learn from History
  24. Making History Available
  25. Explain/Worship/Ignore?
  26. "Science" as Curiosity-Stopper
  27. Applause Lights
  28. Truly Part of You
  29. Chaotic Inversion
 

How to Actually Change Your Mind

See also: Locating the hypothesis, Privileging the hypothesis, Litany of Gendlin, Litany of Tarski

Politics is the Mind-Killer
  1. A Fable of Science and Politics
  2. Politics is the Mind-Killer
  3. Policy Debates Should Not Appear One-Sided
  4. The Scales of Justice, the Notebook of Rationality
  5. Correspondence Bias
  6. Are Your Enemies Innately Evil?
  7. The Robbers Cave Experiment
  8. Reversed Stupidity is Not Intelligence
  9.       Argument Screens Off Authority
  10.       Hug the Query
  11. Rationality and the English Language
  12. The Litany Against Gurus
  13.       Politics and Awful Art
  14. False Laughter
  15. Human Evil and Muddled Thinking
 
Death Spirals and the Cult Attractor

Most important posts:

  1. The Affect Heuristic
  2.       Evaluability and Cheap Holiday Shopping
  3.       Unbounded Scales, Huge Jury Awards, & Futurism
  4. The Halo Effect
  5.       Superhero Bias
  6.       Mere Messiahs
  7. Affective Death Spirals
  8. Resist the Happy Death Spiral
  9. Uncritical Supercriticality
  10. Evaporative Cooling of Group Beliefs
  11. When None Dare Urge Restraint
  12. The Robbers Cave Experiment
  13. Every Cause Wants to be a Cult
  14. Guardians of the Truth
  15.       Guardians of the Gene Pool
  16.       Guardians of Ayn Rand
  17. The Litany Against Gurus
  18. Two Cult Koans
  19. Asch's Conformity Experiment
  20. Lonely Dissent
  21. Cultish Countercultishness
 
Seeing with Fresh Eyes
  1. Anchoring and Adjustment
  2. Priming and Contamination
  3. Do We Believe Everything We're Told?
  4. Cached Thoughts
  5. The 'Outside the Box' Box
  6. Original Seeing
  7. The Logical Fallacy of Generalization from Fictional Evidence
  8. How to Seem (and Be) Deep
  9. We Change Our Minds Less Often Than We Think
  10. Hold Off On Proposing Solutions
  11. On Expressing Your Concerns
  12. The Genetic Fallacy
 
Noticing Confusion
  1. Your Strength as a Rationalist
  2. Absence of Evidence Is Evidence of Absence
  3. Hindsight Bias
  4. Hindsight Devalues Science
  5. Positive Bias: Look Into the Dark
 
Against Rationalization
  1. Knowing About Biases Can Hurt People
  2. Update Yourself Incrementally
  3. One Argument Against An Army
  4. The Bottom Line
  5. What Evidence Filtered Evidence?
  6. Rationalization
  7. A Rational Argument
  8. Avoiding Your Belief's Real Weak Points
  9. Motivated Stopping and Motivated Continuation
  10.       A Case Study of Motivated Continuation
  11. Fake Justification
  12. Fake Optimization Criteria
  13. Is That Your True Rejection?
  14. Entangled Truths, Contagious Lies
  15.       Of Lies and Black Swan Blowups
  16. Anti-Epistemology
  17.       The Sacred Mundane
 
Against Doublethink
  1. Singlethink
  2. Doublethink: Choosing to be Biased
  3. No, Really, I've Deceived Myself
  4. Belief in Self-Deception
  5. Moore's Paradox
  6. Don't Believe You'll Self-Deceive
 
Overly Convenient Excuses
  1. The Proper Use of Humility
  2. The Third Alternative
  3. Privileging the Hypothesis (and its requisites, like Locating the hypothesis)
  4. But There's Still A Chance, Right?
  5.       The Fallacy of Gray
  6.       Absolute Authority
  7.       How to Convince Me That 2 + 2 = 3
  8.       Infinite Certainty
  9.       0 And 1 Are Not Probabilities
 
Letting Go
  1. Feeling Rational
  2. The Importance of Saying "Oops"
  3.       The Crackpot Offer
  4.       Just Lose Hope Already
  5. The Proper Use of Doubt
  6. You Can Face Reality
  7. The Meditation on Curiosity
  8. Something to Protect
  9. No One Can Exempt You From Rationality's Laws
  10. Leave a Line of Retreat
  11. Crisis of Faith
  12.       The Ritual