Rationalist Diplomacy, Game 2

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The second game of Diplomacy on Less Wrong. The game itself is here. All maps can be found here.

Players

Kevin was Prime Minister of Great Britain

AlexMennen was President of France

tenshiko was Kaiser of Germany

Alexandros was King of Italy

WrongBot was Emperor of Austria

Thausler was Czar of Russia

Hugh Ristik was Sultan of Turkey

Randaly was the GM

Spring 1901

Order Results

Austria:

Austria: A bud -> ser

Austria: F tri -> alb

Austria: A vie -> gal

England:

England: F edi -> nwg

England: A lvp -> yor

England: F lon -> nth

France:

France: F bre -> mao

France: A mar -> bur Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

France: A par -> gas

Germany:

Germany: A ber -> kie

Germany: F kie -> hol

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with mar (1 against 1).

Italy:

Italy: F nap -> ion

Italy: A rom -> ven

Italy: A ven -> tyr

Russia:

Russia: A mos -> stp

Russia: F sev -> bla Bounced with ank (1 against 1).

Russia: F stp/sc -> bot

Russia: A war -> ukr

Turkey:

Turkey: F ank -> bla Bounced with sev (1 against 1).

Turkey: A con -> bul

Turkey: A smy -> con

Commentary

Turkish Military Advance Checked in Black Sea

Earlier this month, Sultan HughRistik, announced a broad movement of Turkish troops into the Balkans, vowing to avenge previous Turkish defeats in the First Balkans War and restore Turkey to its traditional dominant role. As a result of the balkanization of the Balkans League in the Second Balkans War, Ottoman forces encountered shockingly little resistance on land; however, the Russian fleet blocked the advance of the Ottoman fleet into the Black Sea.

Schlieffen Plan Implemented

In a move anticipated by every other European monarch, Germany invaded France in March. Though its initial strike towards Burgundy was blocked by French troops based out of Marseilles, German military leaders are privately confident that the northern prong of their assault, currently outflanking the French defenses through the Netherlands, will achieve greater success.

English, Russian Forces Approach Scandinavia

Both the English and Russian militaries have mobilized their fleets and militaries, moving them towards Scandinavia. The Russian fleet has entered the Gulf of Bothnia, while elements of the British fleet have occupied the North and Norwegian Seas.

Italian Forces Advance Into Tyrolia

The Italian army recently advanced into Tyrolia, putting it in a position to threaten the rears of both Austria and Germany. Austrian advances into the Balkans and Galicia have left its homeland undefended, while German forces in Munich have already been deployed unsuccessfully against Burgundy.

Fall 1901

Order Results

Austria:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 1.

Austria: F alb -> tri

Bounced with ven (1 against 1).

Austria: A gal -> war

Austria: A ser -> rum

Bounced with ukr (1 against 1).

England:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

England: F nth Convoys A yor -> hol

England: F nwg -> nwy

England: A yor -> hol

Convoy path taken: yor→nth→hol.

France:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

France: A gas -> por

Convoy path taken: gas→mao→por.

France: A mar -> spa

France: F mao Convoys A gas -> por

Germany:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

Germany: F hol -> bel

Germany: A kie -> den

Germany: A mun -> ruh

Italy:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

Italy: F ion -> tun

Italy: A tyr Supports A ven -> tri

Italy: A ven -> tri

Russia:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 1.

Russia: F bot -> swe

Russia: F sev Supports A ukr -> rum

Russia: A stp -> lvn

Russia: A ukr -> rum

Turkey:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

Turkey: F ank -> bla

Turkey: A bul -> gre

Turkey: A con -> bul

Commentary

Italy Invades Austrian Homeland

Earlier this month, Italian forces based out of Venice and supported from Tyrolia invaded and captured Trieste, seizing one of Austria's main production provinces, and placing its forces within striking distance of the currently undefended provinces of Vienna and Budapest. Though Italian forces are well supported, Austrian officials are privately confident that Vienna and Budapest will be defended and Trieste recaptured; when asked how, one official responded cryptically, "We have forces there. You just can't see them. Yet."

England Seizes Foothold on the Continent

English troops stormed ashore in Holland last month, threatening the rear of the advancing German fleet currently in Belgium, as well as presenting a potent threat to the German naval base at Kiel. Prime Minister Kevin vowed to defend England's interests, including Belgian neutrality and the continued survival of its allies.

Austria Strikes Undefended Russian Flank

Columns of Austrian troops entered Warsaw in October, taking advantage of the occupation of Russian forces in the south to seize one of Russia's main production provinces. The citizens of Warsaw have met the initial conquest with overwhelming approval, although the approval is now diminishing under the continued occupation, as well as the threat posed by advancing Russian forces in Livonia.

Contact Made With Alternate Universe

A delegation of properly credentialed diplomats recently emerged from a mysterious portal, claiming to be from an alternate universe. Governments are currently investigating how their supposedly classified protocols were leaked to this unknown organization.

Winter 1901

Austria:

Austria: Builds A bud

England:

England: Builds A edi

England: Builds F lon

France:

France: Builds A mar

France: Builds A par

Germany:

Germany: Builds F kie

Germany: Builds A mun

Italy:

Italy: Builds F nap

Italy: Builds A ven

Russia:

Russia: Builds A mos

Turkey:

Turkey: Builds A con

Turkey: Builds F smy

Spring 1902

Orders Results

Austria:

The Army in Serbia cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Austria: F alb -> tri Bounced with tri (1 against 2).

Austria: A bud Supports A ser Support cut by Move from Rumania.

Austria: A ser Supports F alb -> tri Support cut by Move from Greece. Dislodged from gre (2 against 1).

Austria: A war Holds

England:

England: A edi -> yor

England: A hol Holds

England: F lon -> eng

England: F nth Supports A hol

England: F nwy -> ska

France:

France: A mar -> bur Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

France: F mao Convoys A por -> bre

France: A par -> pic Bounced with bel (1 against 1).

France: A por -> bre

Convoy path taken: por→mao→bre.

France: A spa -> gas

Germany:

Germany: F bel -> pic Bounced with par (1 against 1).

Germany: A den -> kie Failed because Germany: F kie -> hol failed.

Germany: F kie -> hol Bounced with hol (2 against 2).

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with mar (1 against 1).

Germany: A ruh Supports F kie -> hol

Italy:

Italy: F nap -> apu

Italy: A tri Supports A bud Support cut by Move from Albania.

Italy: F tun -> ion

Italy: A tyr -> vie

Italy: A ven Supports A tri

Russia:

Russia: A lvn -> war Bounced with war (1 against 1).

Russia: A mos Holds

Russia: A rum -> bud Bounced with bud (1 against 1).

Russia: F sev -> bla Bounced with bla (1 against 1).

Russia: F swe Holds

Turkey:

Turkey: F bla Supports A bul Support cut by Move from Sevastopol.

Turkey: A bul Supports A gre -> ser

Turkey: A con Supports A bul

Turkey: A gre -> ser

Turkey: F smy -> aeg

Commentary

British, German Fleets Clash

Earlier this month, the German High Seas Fleet left port for Netherlands. Supported by several divisions of infantry, the fleet was intended to dislodge and annihilate entrenched British troops; however, elements of the British Grand Fleet intercepted the High Seas Fleet. After an inconclusive hour-long exchange of gunfire, the High Seas Fleet retreated to its bases in Kiel, allowing the British forces in the Netherlands to continue holding their precarious foothold on the continent.

Italy; Ottoman Empire Continue Assault on Austrian Homeland

Beleaguered Austrian armies lost two more provinces, Serbia and Vienna, to advancing Italian and Ottoman armies. While surviving Austro-Hungarian officials continue to issue confident press releases from their new capital of Budapest, most analysts say that situation is grim for Emperor WrongBot. "The loss of Vienna, the capital and a key supply province for the war effort, is particularly going to hurt," says analyst Alex Richard.

France Repulses Abortive German Offensive

After nearly a year of preparations, German forces continued once again attacked France in May. Moving from the Ruhr and Munich into Picardy and Burgundy, they met with initial success. However, President AlexMennen soon was able to commit reserves rushed northwards from the Iberian peninsula to the fight; German gains crept to a halt, and they were soon being pushed back out of French territory. French officials are confident that their reserves will be enough to halt any future German attacks, and to go on the offensive; French soldiers were less pleased.

Fall 1902

Order Results

Austria:

The Army in Budapest cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

The Fleet in Albania cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Austria: F alb -> tri Bounced with ven (1 against 1). Dislodged from ion (2 against 1).

Austria: A bud Supports F alb -> tri Dislodged from tri (2 against 1).

Austria: A war -> gal

England:

England: F eng Supports A hol -> bel

England: A hol -> bel

England: F nth Supports F ska -> den

England: F ska -> den

England: A yor Holds

France:

France: A bre Supports A par -> pic

France: A gas Supports A mar -> bur

France: A mar -> bur Bounced with mun (2 against 1).

France: F mao Holds

France: A par -> pic

Germany:

The Fleet in Belgium cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Germany: F bel Supports F kie -> hol Dislodged from hol (2 against 1).

Germany: A den -> kie

Germany: F kie -> hol

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with mar (2 against 1).

Germany: A ruh Supports A mun -> bur

Italy:

Italy: F apu -> adr

Italy: F ion -> alb

Italy: A tri -> bud

Italy: A ven -> tri Bounced with alb (1 against 1).

Italy: A vie Supports A tri -> bud

Russia:

Russia: A lvn -> war

Russia: A mos Supports A lvn -> war

Russia: A rum Holds

Russia: F sev Supports F bla -> rum Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given.

Russia: F swe Holds

Turkey:

Turkey: F aeg -> ion

Turkey: F bla Supports A con -> bul

Turkey: A bul -> gre

Turkey: A con -> bul

Turkey: A ser Supports F ion -> alb

Commentary

Last Austro-Hungarian Provinces Fall

Earlier this month Italian forces from Trieste captured Budapest, the last of Austria-Hungary's supply provinces. Count Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, the Chief the General Staff of the Austrian army, formally surrendered the surrounded Austrian forces, while Emperor WrongBot attempted to make his way through enemy lines to the remnants of his northern army, currently regrouping in Galicia. With the voluntary withdrawal of Austrian forces from Warsaw, just ahead of advancing Russian armies, Austria is left without any industrial capacity to support its sole remaining army, and is expected to fully surrender shortly.

English Forces Liberate Belgium; Denmark

While the majority of German forces were occupied with assaults on the Netherlands and France, English forces launched amphibious attacks on both Belgium and Denmark. Both attacks, taking advantage of the distraction of advancing German forces, were successful; meanwhile, the German army seized the Netherlands, but continue to fail to gain entry into France. In a speech earlier this week, Prime Minister Kevin announced that, though Belgium had been liberated and its original war aims had been achieved, "they would not rest until the specter of German aggression no longer threatens our terri on the Continent." Analysts were unclear what interests he was referring to.

Winter 1902

Austria:

Army at Galicia ordered to Disband. Austria no longer controls any supply centers, and has been eliminated. Not enough Disband orders were submitted. Units farthest from home supply center will be disbanded. Austria: Removes A gal

England: England: Builds F edi

France:

Germany:

Italy: Italy: Builds F nap Italy: Builds F rom

Russia: Russia: Builds A stp

Turkey: Turkey: Builds F smy

Spring 1903

Orders

England: Illegal order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned.

England: A bel Supports A ruh -> bur Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given.

England: F den -> swe Bounced with swe (1 against 1).

England: F edi Holds

England: F eng -> pic Bounced with pic (1 against 1).

England: F nth -> nwy Bounced with stp (1 against 1).

England: A yor -> wal

France:

France: A bre Holds

France: A gas Supports A mar -> bur

France: A mar -> bur Bounced with mun (2 against 1).

France: F mao Holds

France: A pic Supports A mar -> bur Support cut by Move from English Channel.

Germany:

Germany: F hol -> kie Failed because Germany: A kie -> mun failed.

Germany: A kie -> mun Failed because Germany: A mun -> bur failed.

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with mar (2 against 1).

Germany: A ruh Supports A mun -> bur

Italy:

Italy: F adr -> ion Bounced with ion (1 against 1).

Italy: F alb -> gre

Italy: A bud -> ser

Italy: F nap Supports F rom -> tys

Italy: F rom -> tys

Italy: A ven Supports A vie -> tri

Italy: A vie -> tri

Russia:

Russia: A mos Holds

Russia: A rum Supports A bud -> ser Support cut by Move from Black Sea.

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: A stp -> nwy Bounced with nth (1 against 1).

Russia: F swe Holds

Russia: A war -> ukr

Turkey:

Turkey: F bla -> rum Bounced with rum (1 against 1).

Turkey: A bul -> rum Bounced with rum (1 against 1).

Turkey: A gre -> apu Convoy path taken: gre→ion→apu.

Turkey: F ion Convoys A gre -> apu

Turkey: A ser -> alb

Turkey: F smy -> aeg

Commentary

Indecisive Battles in the Balkans Are Indecisive

Despite their overwhelming numbers, the Russo-Italian alliance is temporarily stalemated by Turkey, while both sides are moving up reinforcements. An Italian advance from Budapest to Serbia failed after supporting units from Rumania were forced to stay behind to fend of a Turkish assault. The Turkish fleet in the Ionian Sea and infantry in Greece continued to bottle up the Italian navy in the Adriatic Sea and its ports in Albania. However, Turkey also failed to make any progress; it was forced to call off an attempted amphibious attack on Italy to prevent the escape of the Italian navy, while the Russia army was able to continue holding Rumania. Turkish bond prices dropped sharply following the failure of the Turkish offensives, reflecting the general belief that Turkey will eventually be worn down by the Russo-Italian alliance.

England, Russia Clash in Scandinavia

English reinforcements from the North Sea arrived just in time to block a Russian attack on Norway. The attack in March was followed closely by the advance of the Russian fleet from Sweden into Denmark; however, forewarned British forces had already moved to northern Denmark in preparation for a counterattack. The two sides fought an indecisive battle before withdrawing.

English-German Alliance Fails to Make Progress Against France

The French once again managed to repel every attack launched by the surrounding nations. French troops from Picardy fought a long artillery duel with elements of the High Seas Fleet, eventually managing to repel the main assault after grievous damage to both sides. Meanwhile, in Burgundy, a German attack from Munich was prevented due to a mistake in communication: the British Expeditionary Force expected the attack to come from the Ruhr instead of Munich, and planned accordingly. A spokesman for Prime Minister Kevin claimed that better coordination would surely lead to the fall of the Ruhr next campaigning season.

Fall 1903

Order Results:

England:

England: A bel Supports A mun -> bur

England: F den -> swe Failed because Russia: F swe -> nwy failed.

England: F edi -> nwg

England: F eng -> pic Bounced with bre (1 against 1).

England: F nth Supports A bel

England: A wal Holds

France:

France: A bre -> pic Bounced with eng (1 against 1).

France: A gas Supports A pic -> bur

France: A mar Supports A pic -> bur

France: F mao Holds

France: A pic -> bur Bounced with mun (3 against 1).

Germany:

Germany: F hol -> hel

Germany: A kie -> hol

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with pic (3 against 1).

Germany: A ruh Supports A mun -> bur

Italy:

The Fleet in Greece cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Italy: F adr -> apu Failed because Turkey: A apu -> nap failed.

Italy: F gre -> ion Bounced with ion (1 against 1). Dislodged from ion (2 against 1).

Italy: F nap -> rom Bounced with ven (1 against 1).

Italy: A ser Supports A rum -> bul Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given.

Italy: A tri -> alb Failed because Turkey: A alb -> ser failed.

Italy: F tys -> tun

Italy: A ven -> rom Bounced with nap (1 against 1).

Russia:

Russia: A mos -> ukr

Russia: A rum -> bud

Russia: F sev -> arm Bounced with bul (1 against 1).

Russia: A stp -> nwy Bounced with swe (1 against 1).

Russia: F swe -> nwy Bounced with stp (1 against 1).

Russia: A ukr -> gal

Turkey:

Turkey: F aeg Supports F ion -> gre

Turkey: A alb -> ser Bounced with ser (1 against 1).

Turkey: A apu -> nap Failed because Italy: F nap -> rom failed.

Turkey: F bla Convoys A bul -> arm

Turkey: A bul -> arm Bounced with sev (1 against 1). Convoy path taken: bul→bla→arm.

Turkey: F ion -> gre

Commentary

No Clear Winner in Balkans Conflict

Following a season of violent conflict, each side has gained little. Turkey and Russia each attempted to outflank the other through Armenia, but as a result, both offensives failed. Meanwhile, the Russian army advanced on Italy's northern flank, capturing Budapest and threatening Vienna- but Italy managed to make up for the loss by capturing Serbia from Turkey. While Turkey didn't achieve any offensive successes against opposing supply centers, it did manage to retake Greece via a two-pronged offensive from the Aegean and Ionian Seas, and to pin down three major Italian forces on and around Italy. Analysts have mostly given up attempting to understand the three-sided war.

Stalemate on Western Front

Burgundy continues to remain uncontrolled by either alliance on the Western front; major offensives earlier this month from both sides failed to make any headway. Meanwhile, an amphibious assault by England on Picardy was repulsed by reinforcements from Brest, allowing the army currently in Picardy to participate in the fighting in Burgundy with its rear secure. At sea, the French fleet remained in the Mid-Atlanta Ocean, guarding French possessions in Spain and Portgual; England, wary of its offensive power, kept an army in Wales to deal with the threat of landings on the English coast.

Shockingly, No Progress in Scandinavia

English and Russian forces continued to clash in Scandinavia, with the fleets in Sweden and Denmark fighting a sharp but short and inconclusive battle. Meanwhile, a pair of Russian military leaders, rushing to secure the unguarded province of Norway, mistook each others forces for the enemy and opened fire. While the mistake was eventually corrected, both forces were forced to retreat by the onset of winter and the threat of a looming British fleet, as much of their supplies had been destroyed.

Winter 1903

England:

France:

Germany:

Italy: Italy: Builds A rom

Russia: Russia: Builds A war

Turkey: Turkey: Removes A apu

Spring 1904

Order Results:

England:

England: A bel Supports F nth -> hol

England: F den -> kie Bounced with hol (1 against 1).

England: F eng -> mao Bounced with mao (1 against 1).

England: F nth -> hol

England: F nwg -> nth

England: A wal Holds

France:

No order for unit at Mid-Atlantic Ocean. Hold order assigned.

France: A bre Supports A pic

France: A gas Supports A mar -> bur

France: A mar -> bur

France: F mao Holds

France: A pic Supports A mar -> bur

Germany:

The Army in Holland cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Germany: F hel Holds

Germany: A hol -> kie Bounced with den (1 against 1). Dislodged from nth (2 against 1).

'Germany: A mun -> bur Failed.

Germany: A ruh Supports A mun -> bur

Italy:

Italy: F adr -> alb

Italy: F nap Supports F tun -> ion

Italy: A rom -> ven

Italy: A ser -> bud

Italy: A tri Supports A ser -> bud

Italy: F tun -> ion Bounced with aeg (2 against 1).

Italy: A ven -> tyr

Russia:

Russia: A bud Supports A alb -> ser Dislodged from ser (2 against 1). Retreat to vie.

Russia: A gal -> boh

Russia: F sev Supports A ukr -> rum

Russia: A stp Supports F swe -> nwy

Russia: F swe -> nwy

Russia: A ukr -> rum

Russia: A war -> gal

Turkey: Turkey: F aeg -> ion Bounced with tun (2 against 1).

Turkey: A alb -> ser

Turkey: F bla Holds

Turkey: A bul Supports A alb -> ser

Turkey: F gre Supports F aeg -> ion

Commentary

Balkans Powers Swap Supply Centers (Again)

After another confusing season, the Balkans War appears to be going nowhere quickly. Though Italy did manage to seize Budapest, they did so at the cost of leaving both Vienna and Serbia undefended, and entering a position with Russian forces on three sides; Russia's retreating forces seized Vienna the following month, though they are pinned in on three sides by numerically superior Italian armies. Turkey was the most successful power; it managed to seize Serbia, and lost no territory. Russia reinforced Rumania, taking away the another fairly tempting target, and Italy blocked an attempted Turkish advance into the Ionian Sea.

British Attack Beleaguered Germany

In a move surprising surprising most powers- though, evidently not Germany- British forces launch a broad attack on Germany in early May. Though the German army was able to prevent a British advance into the German homeland through Kiel, it was not able to prevent elements of the Grand Fleet from seizing Holland in its rear, and destroying the defending German unit. Meanwhile, French forces seized Burgundy and now stand ready to invade Germany- an assault that, without a guarantee of British neutrality, would probably overwhelm the German defenders. The one bright spot for Germany is that France and Britain are still at war; their fleets fought a major battle in the mid-Atlantic Ocean in March, won by France.

Norway Falls to Russia

Triumphant Russian fleets, supported from St. Petersburg, entered Norway without opposition in March. The move was a serious threat to British interests, as in addition to the loss of a supply center, Russian fleets are now less than a year away from the undefended British city of Edinburgh.

Fall 1904

Order Resolution

England: The Fleet in Holland cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

England: A bel Supports A bur -> ruh Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given. Dislodged from pic (2 against 1). Retreats to Ruhr.

England: F den -> kie Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

England: F eng Supports A bel Support cut by Move from Mid-Atlantic Ocean.

England: F hol Supports A bel Support cut by Move from Ruhr. Dislodged from ruh (2 against 1).

England: F nth -> nwg

England: A wal -> yor

France:

France: A bre -> pic

France: A bur Supports A pic -> bel

France: A gas Supports A bur

France: F mao -> eng Bounced with eng (1 against 1).

France: A pic -> bel

Germany: Germany: F hel Supports A ruh -> hol

Germany: A mun -> kie Bounced with den (1 against 1).

Germany: A ruh -> hol

Italy: The Army in Budapest cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Italy: F alb -> ion

Italy: A bud -> vie Failed because Russia: A vie -> tri failed. Dislodged from gal (2 against 1).

Italy: F nap Supports F alb -> ion

Italy: A tri Supports A bud -> vie Support cut by Move from Serbia.

Italy: F tun Supports F alb -> ion

Italy: A tyr Supports A bud -> vie Support cut by Move from Bohemia.

Italy: A ven Supports A tri

Russia:

Russia: A boh -> tyr Bounced with tyr (1 against 1).

Russia: A gal -> bud

Russia: F nwy -> nth

Russia: A rum Supports A gal -> bud

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: A stp -> fin

Russia: A vie -> tri Bounced with ser (1 against 1).

Turkey:

Turkey: F aeg -> ion Failed.

Turkey: F bla Holds

Turkey: A bul -> ser Failed because Turkey: A ser -> tri failed.

Turkey: F gre Supports F aeg -> ion

Turkey: A ser -> tri Bounced with tri (1 against 2).

Commentary

Russia, Turkey Consolidate Gains as Italy Prepares to Counterattack

Russia and Turkey both managed to retain their previous conquests or Vienna and Serbia this season, shifting much of Italy's industrial capacity to its foes. An Italian counterattack against Vienna failed when the Italian army holding Budapest was destroyed. Italy is expected to be forced to disband two of its unit this winter, crippling its defense against Russia and Turkey- who seem to have stopped fighting each other, at least for now. However, the Italian navy did manage to make progress in the south, entering the Ionian Sea despite opposition from Turkish fleets in Greece and the Aegean Sea.

France, Germany, Push Britain Out of Benelux Nations

A simultaneous attack from France and Germany in September left the British reeling. A German attack from the Ruhr pushed the British out of the Netherlands; the survivors surrendered after scuttling the elements of the British navy trapped in port. Meanwhile, in Belgium, a sudden French attack caught the British defenders by surprise; they had been planning to support a French offensive into the Ruhr. With the British naval support distracted by a French advance from the mid-Atlantic Ocean, the French army in Picardy, with support from Burgundy, was able to seize Belgium- and with the failure of an offensive from Denmark, survivors from Belgium have been cut off entirely.

British High Seas Fleet Lets Russians Enter North Sea

The British High Seas Fleet shifted to the Norwegian Sea in September, allowing elements of the Russian fleet to enter the North Sea without opposition in October. Should it choose to do so, the Russian fleet is now in a position to threaten the British homeland- though Britain is capable of blocking any attempt to attack London or Edinburgh. However, it seems more likely that Russian intentions are friendly, as they chose not to hold Norway despite their ability to do so, and Britain voluntarily shifted aside its own fleet to let the Russians advance.

Winter 1905

England:

France:

France: Builds F bre

Germany:

Germany: Builds F kie

Italy:

Italy: Removes F tun

Russia:

Russia: Builds F stp/nc

Turkey:

Turkey: Builds A con

Spring 1905

Order Results:

'England:'

England: F den -> swe Bounced with fin (1 against 1). Dislodged from kie (2 against 1). Remove F den.

England: F eng -> lon

England: F nwg -> nwy Bounced with stp (1 against 1).

England: A ruh -> kie Bounced with hol (1 against 1).

England: A yor -> edi

'France:'

France: A bel Holds

France: F bre -> eng

France: A bur -> ruh Failed because England: A ruh -> kie failed.

France: A gas -> bur Failed because France: A bur -> ruh failed.

France: F mao Supports F bre -> eng

France: A pic Supports A bel

'Germany:'

Germany: F hel Supports F kie -> den

Germany: A hol -> kie Bounced with ruh (1 against 1).

Germany: F kie -> den

Germany: A mun -> kie Bounced with ruh (1 against 1).

'Italy:'

Italy: F ion -> adr

Italy: F nap -> ion Bounced with aeg (1 against 1).

Italy: A tri Supports A tyr

Italy: A tyr Supports A tri

Italy: A ven Supports A tri

'Russia:'

Russia: A boh Supports A vie

Russia: A bud Supports A rum

Russia: A fin -> swe Bounced with den (1 against 1).

Russia: F nth Supports F stp/nc -> nwy

Russia: A rum Supports A bud

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: F stp/nc -> nwy

Russia: A vie Supports A bud

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F aeg -> ion Bounced with nap (1 against 1).

Turkey: F bla Supports A con -> bul

Turkey: A bul -> gre

Turkey: A con -> bul

Turkey: F gre -> alb

Turkey: A ser Supports F gre -> alb

Commentary

'Russia, France, and Germany Overwhelm England'

A simultaneous attack by Russia, Germany, and France pushed England out of the English Channel, Denmark, and Norway last season, seizing several more crucial English supply centers. Norway fell to a Russian fleet moving out of St. Petersburg, English forces in Denmark were pushed out by the German army following a failed offensive against Sweden, and the British fleet surrendered control over the English Channel to the French in order to protect London against a threatening Russian fleet. England will be hard pressed to hold out against any one member of the opposing powers, let alone all three; worse still for them, Russia, France, and Germany didn't fight among each other the previous season, and none has much to gain in the short-run by fighting each other.

'Balkans Powers Concentrate on Defense'

The Balkans were quiet the previous spring, with each of the major Powers content to remain within their trenches. While Russia focused on the conquest of Scandinavia to the north, both Italy and Turkey moved up fleets: Turkish ships moved into ports in the Adriatic, but were soon blockaded by the arrival of an Italian fleet from the Ionian Sea. Another Italian fleet moving up to replace the fleet in the Ionian fought a brief engagement with another Turkish fleet, after which both sides withdrew.

Fall 1905

Order Results:

'England:' (Note: England was forced to drop out of the game at this point.) No order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at London. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Norwegian Sea. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Ruhr. Hold order assigned.

England: A edi Holds

England: F lon Holds

England: F nwg Holds Dislodged from nth (2 against 1). Disbanded.

England: A ruh Holds Dislodged from mun (2 against 1). Disbanded.

'France:'

France: A bel Supports A mun -> ruh

France: A bur Supports A bel

France: F eng Convoys A pic -> wal

France: A gas -> bre

France: F mao -> iri

France: A pic -> wal Convoy path taken: pic→eng→wal.

'Germany:' Germany: F den Holds

Germany: F hel -> nth

Germany: A hol Holds

Germany: A mun -> ruh

'Italy:' Italy: F adr -> alb Bounced with alb (1 against 1).

Italy: F nap -> ion Bounced with aeg (1 against 1).

Italy: A tri Supports A tyr Support cut by Move from Serbia.

Italy: A tyr Holds Dislodged from boh (2 against 1). Retreat to mun.

Italy: A ven Supports A tri

'Russia:'

Russia: A boh -> tyr

Russia: A bud Supports A ser -> tri

Russia: A fin -> swe

Russia: F nth -> nwg

Russia: F nwy Supports F nth -> nwg

Russia: A rum Supports A bud

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: A vie Supports A boh -> tyr

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F aeg -> ion Bounced with nap (1 against 1).

Turkey: F alb Supports F aeg -> ion Support cut by Move from Adriatic Sea.

Turkey: F bla Supports F sev

Turkey: A bul Supports A gre -> ser

Turkey: A gre -> ser Failed because Turkey: A ser -> tri failed.

Turkey: A ser -> tri Bounced with tri (2 against 2).

Build List

Italy can build one unit.

Russia can build one unit.

England can build one unit.

Commentary

'England Forced Out of Continent, North Sea'

Russian and German forces consolidated their gains in the previous season of campaigning; Russia now holds control of Scandinavia, while Germany has recaptured Denmark. Meanwhile, the German High Seas Fleet entered the North Sea, the Russian fleet forced the British fleet out of the Norwegian Sea, and France landed an army in Wales, supported by two fleets. The prospects for England look grim: by this point, any of the three surrounding Powers are probably capable of defeating England on their own, even without a full commitment of units. On the plus side for England, Russia is distracted in the South, Germany is vulnerable to a distracting Italian backstab, which did occur, and France still only has one army on English soil.

'Russia Advances Insignificantly in Bloody Balkans Fighting'

Another season of bloody, indecisive fighting in the Balkans ended with the Russian capture of Tyrolia, a strategic province that overlooked Trieste, Venice, and Munich. A major offensive by Turkey against Trieste failed, as did an attempted advance of the Turkish fleet; the progress of the apparent Russo-Turkish alliance was badly slowed by the large portion of their armies unable to reach the actual frontlines. The future prospects for the Italian defence of Trieste look grim, however; the three defending Italian units face a combined five Russian and Turkish units, with even more piled up behind the frontlines.

'Breaking: Italy seizes Munich in stunning surprise attack!'

Italian forces retreating from a defeat in Tyrolia slipped around the Russian lines to seize Munich, significantly helping Italian prospects for the war in the Balkans, and dealing Germany a disappointing setback. German forces, currently deployed for an invasion of England, were caught offguard; both Berlin and Kiel are also undefended. (The undefended Russian supply center of Warsaw is also only a year's march away; if Russia pulls back part of its force to defend Warsaw, then it must either give Turkey a juicy target, or delay the offensive against Trieste.) Though French or Russian aid will allow Germany to quickly retake Munich, barring a major shift in the Russian lines, the Italian will be able to retreat and continue fighting in Germany or Russia for a long time.

Winter 1905

'Italy:'

Builds A Rom

'England:'

England does not use its build

'Russia:'

Builds A War