Difference between revisions of "Utilitarianism"

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A moral philosophy that says that what matters is the sum of everyone's welfare, or the "greatest good for the greatest number".
 
A moral philosophy that says that what matters is the sum of everyone's welfare, or the "greatest good for the greatest number".
  
 
Not to be confused with maximization of [[utility function|utility]], or [[expected utility]]. If you're a utilitarian, you don't just sum over [[possible world]]s; you sum over ''people''.
 
Not to be confused with maximization of [[utility function|utility]], or [[expected utility]]. If you're a utilitarian, you don't just sum over [[possible world]]s; you sum over ''people''.
  
Utilitarianism comes in different variants. For example, unlike standard [[Wikipedia:Total utilitarianism|total utilitarianism]], [[Wikipedia:Average utilitarianism|average utilitarianism]] values the the ''average'' utility among a group's members.
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Utilitarianism comes in different variants. For example, unlike standard [[Wikipedia:Total utilitarianism|total utilitarianism]], [[Wikipedia:Average utilitarianism|average utilitarianism]] values the ''average'' utility among a group's members. [[Wikipedia:utilitarianism#Negative_utilitarianism|Negative utilitarianism]] seeks only to minimize suffering, and is often discussed for its extreme implications.
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==Blog posts==
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/n9/the_intuitions_behind_utilitarianism/ The "Intuitions" Behind "Utilitarianism"]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/kn/torture_vs_dust_specks/ Torture vs. Dust Specks]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/n3/circular_altruism/ Circular Altruism]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/my/the_allais_paradox/ The Allais Paradox]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/mz/zut_allais/ Zut Allais!]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/lb/not_for_the_sake_of_happiness_alone/ Not for the Sake of Happiness (Alone)]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/ws/for_the_people_who_are_still_alive/ For the People Who Are Still Alive]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/uv/ends_dont_justify_means_among_humans/ Ends Don't Justify Means (Among Humans)]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/f0/hardened_problems_make_brittle_models/ Hardened Problems Make Brittle Models]
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*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/d8z/a_small_critique_of_total_utilitarianism/ A (small) critique of total utilitarianism]
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==External links==
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*[http://www.felicifia.com/ Felicifia], a utilitarianism wiki
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*[http://utilitarian-essays.com/ Utilitarian Essays]
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*[http://www.utilitarianism.com/ Utilitarianism Resources]
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
  
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*[[Consequentialism]]
 
*[[Metaethics sequence]]
 
*[[Metaethics sequence]]
 
*[[Shut up and multiply]]
 
*[[Shut up and multiply]]
*[[Game theory]]
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*[[Game theory]], [[Decision theory]], [[Preference]]
*[[Hedons]], [[Utilons]], [[Fuzzies]]
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*[[Hedons]], [[Utils]], [[Fuzzies]]
*[[Repugnant conclusion]]
 
 
 
==Blog posts==
 
 
 
*[http://lesswrong.com/lw/n9/the_intuitions_behind_utilitarianism/ The "Intuitions" Behind "Utilitarianism"]
 
  
 
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[[Category:Philosophy]]
 
[[Category:Philosophy]]
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[[Category:Positions]]

Latest revision as of 07:17, 13 July 2012

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Wikipedia has an article about

A moral philosophy that says that what matters is the sum of everyone's welfare, or the "greatest good for the greatest number".

Not to be confused with maximization of utility, or expected utility. If you're a utilitarian, you don't just sum over possible worlds; you sum over people.

Utilitarianism comes in different variants. For example, unlike standard total utilitarianism, average utilitarianism values the average utility among a group's members. Negative utilitarianism seeks only to minimize suffering, and is often discussed for its extreme implications.

Blog posts

External links

See also