is the process of determining the true values of a person. This task is quite challenging, due to the [[Complexity of value| complexity of human values]]. |+|
'''Value extrapolation''' of the values. , the of .
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|−|[[Coherent Extrapolated Volition]] is one proposed method of determining the values of humanity as a whole for a [[friendly AI]] to respect. [[Coherent Aggregated Volition]] is a proposal by [[Ben Goertzel]] similar to CEV but which aggregates and averages rather than extrapolates the values that humans have today. It is intended to be simpler and less controversial than CEV but would solve no inconsistencies in our values and instead cement them permanently. |+|
is of the of a for
a . to and that to our values and them .
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|−|Phil Goetz has argued that the [[ biases]] of the human mind are so great that there is no meaningful difference between a human value and a human error, though he believes this can be partially avoided by accepting an arbitrary ethical base. Mitchell Porter optimistically argues that as [[AGI skepticism]] fades the field of [[machine ethics]] will experience huge growth, and that the public will engage in the problem and develop an aggregate set of values to program an [[AGI]] with. |+|
[] the and a human the of the in of values.
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|−|Paul Christiano has suggested that a set of extrapolated values may be created using [[WBE]], and running emulated people at high speeds until they settles on a set of values. These people, not having to worry about existential threats, would make better decisions then us. He argues the threat of [[existential risks]] merits using less than perfect value extrapolation. This has been criticized as simply passing the problem on, however. | |
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== See Also ==
== See Also ==
Revision as of 23:21, 14 September 2012
Value extrapolation can be defined as an account of how the human values, moral and desires would be under “ideal circumstances”. These circumstances refer to the access to full information about our motivations, its origins and goals, and are proposed as the model on top of which machine ethics should be developed.
It is well known that the true origin of our moral evaluations and motivations are out of our conscious reach – they are the arbitrary product of a blind, natural selection process. This development process has led to the existence of desires we wish didn’t exist or could suppress (subsequently revealing the ability for “second-order desires”).
As such, it seems clear that maybe a developed society as we see our own shouldn’t lay its foundations in these accidental terms. Humanity should, on the other hand, try to become aware, informed, of the root and paths that lead to our current values and shift them to a set of values intentionally chosen through a state of “reflective equilibrium”.
This extrapolation of our values Coherent Extrapolated Volition has been proposed to have some advantages when developing the first AI seed, and seems useful in thinking a set of machines ethics, namely: the use of real human values after the reflective process; faster AI moral progress; dissolving preference contradictions; simplification of the human values through elimination of artifacts; a possible solution for human goals’ integration in AI systems; convergence of different human values.