Rationalist Diplomacy, Game 2

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The second game of Diplomacy on Less Wrong. The game itself is here. All maps can be found here.

Players

Kevin was Prime Minister of Great Britain

AlexMennen was President of France

tenshiko was Kaiser of Germany

Alexandros was King of Italy

WrongBot was Emperor of Austria

Thausler was Czar of Russia

Hugh Ristik was Sultan of Turkey

Randaly was the GM

Spring 1901

Order Results

Austria:

Austria: A bud -> ser

Austria: F tri -> alb

Austria: A vie -> gal

England:

England: F edi -> nwg

England: A lvp -> yor

England: F lon -> nth

France:

France: F bre -> mao

France: A mar -> bur Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

France: A par -> gas

Germany:

Germany: A ber -> kie

Germany: F kie -> hol

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with mar (1 against 1).

Italy:

Italy: F nap -> ion

Italy: A rom -> ven

Italy: A ven -> tyr

Russia:

Russia: A mos -> stp

Russia: F sev -> bla Bounced with ank (1 against 1).

Russia: F stp/sc -> bot

Russia: A war -> ukr

Turkey:

Turkey: F ank -> bla Bounced with sev (1 against 1).

Turkey: A con -> bul

Turkey: A smy -> con

Commentary

Turkish Military Advance Checked in Black Sea

Earlier this month, Sultan HughRistik, announced a broad movement of Turkish troops into the Balkans, vowing to avenge previous Turkish defeats in the First Balkans War and restore Turkey to its traditional dominant role. As a result of the balkanization of the Balkans League in the Second Balkans War, Ottoman forces encountered shockingly little resistance on land; however, the Russian fleet blocked the advance of the Ottoman fleet into the Black Sea.

Schlieffen Plan Implemented

In a move anticipated by every other European monarch, Germany invaded France in March. Though its initial strike towards Burgundy was blocked by French troops based out of Marseilles, German military leaders are privately confident that the northern prong of their assault, currently outflanking the French defenses through the Netherlands, will achieve greater success.

English, Russian Forces Approach Scandinavia

Both the English and Russian militaries have mobilized their fleets and militaries, moving them towards Scandinavia. The Russian fleet has entered the Gulf of Bothnia, while elements of the British fleet have occupied the North and Norwegian Seas.

Italian Forces Advance Into Tyrolia

The Italian army recently advanced into Tyrolia, putting it in a position to threaten the rears of both Austria and Germany. Austrian advances into the Balkans and Galicia have left its homeland undefended, while German forces in Munich have already been deployed unsuccessfully against Burgundy.

Fall 1901

Order Results

Austria:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 1.

Austria: F alb -> tri

Bounced with ven (1 against 1).

Austria: A gal -> war

Austria: A ser -> rum

Bounced with ukr (1 against 1).

England:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

England: F nth Convoys A yor -> hol

England: F nwg -> nwy

England: A yor -> hol

Convoy path taken: yor→nth→hol.

France:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

France: A gas -> por

Convoy path taken: gas→mao→por.

France: A mar -> spa

France: F mao Convoys A gas -> por

Germany:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

Germany: F hol -> bel

Germany: A kie -> den

Germany: A mun -> ruh

Italy:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

Italy: F ion -> tun

Italy: A tyr Supports A ven -> tri

Italy: A ven -> tri

Russia:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 1.

Russia: F bot -> swe

Russia: F sev Supports A ukr -> rum

Russia: A stp -> lvn

Russia: A ukr -> rum

Turkey:

Supply centers were gained. Units that may be built: 2.

Turkey: F ank -> bla

Turkey: A bul -> gre

Turkey: A con -> bul

Commentary

Italy Invades Austrian Homeland

Earlier this month, Italian forces based out of Venice and supported from Tyrolia invaded and captured Trieste, seizing one of Austria's main production provinces, and placing its forces within striking distance of the currently undefended provinces of Vienna and Budapest. Though Italian forces are well supported, Austrian officials are privately confident that Vienna and Budapest will be defended and Trieste recaptured; when asked how, one official responded cryptically, "We have forces there. You just can't see them. Yet."

England Seizes Foothold on the Continent

English troops stormed ashore in Holland last month, threatening the rear of the advancing German fleet currently in Belgium, as well as presenting a potent threat to the German naval base at Kiel. Prime Minister Kevin vowed to defend England's interests, including Belgian neutrality and the continued survival of its allies.

Austria Strikes Undefended Russian Flank

Columns of Austrian troops entered Warsaw in October, taking advantage of the occupation of Russian forces in the south to seize one of Russia's main production provinces. The citizens of Warsaw have met the initial conquest with overwhelming approval, although the approval is now diminishing under the continued occupation, as well as the threat posed by advancing Russian forces in Livonia.

Contact Made With Alternate Universe

A delegation of properly credentialed diplomats recently emerged from a mysterious portal, claiming to be from an alternate universe. Governments are currently investigating how their supposedly classified protocols were leaked to this unknown organization.

Winter 1901

Austria:

Austria: Builds A bud

England:

England: Builds A edi

England: Builds F lon

France:

France: Builds A mar

France: Builds A par

Germany:

Germany: Builds F kie

Germany: Builds A mun

Italy:

Italy: Builds F nap

Italy: Builds A ven

Russia:

Russia: Builds A mos

Turkey:

Turkey: Builds A con

Turkey: Builds F smy

Spring 1902

Orders Results

Austria:

The Army in Serbia cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Austria: F alb -> tri Bounced with tri (1 against 2).

Austria: A bud Supports A ser Support cut by Move from Rumania.

Austria: A ser Supports F alb -> tri Support cut by Move from Greece. Dislodged from gre (2 against 1).

Austria: A war Holds

England:

England: A edi -> yor

England: A hol Holds

England: F lon -> eng

England: F nth Supports A hol

England: F nwy -> ska

France:

France: A mar -> bur Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

France: F mao Convoys A por -> bre

France: A par -> pic Bounced with bel (1 against 1).

France: A por -> bre

Convoy path taken: por→mao→bre.

France: A spa -> gas

Germany:

Germany: F bel -> pic Bounced with par (1 against 1).

Germany: A den -> kie Failed because Germany: F kie -> hol failed.

Germany: F kie -> hol Bounced with hol (2 against 2).

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with mar (1 against 1).

Germany: A ruh Supports F kie -> hol

Italy:

Italy: F nap -> apu

Italy: A tri Supports A bud Support cut by Move from Albania.

Italy: F tun -> ion

Italy: A tyr -> vie

Italy: A ven Supports A tri

Russia:

Russia: A lvn -> war Bounced with war (1 against 1).

Russia: A mos Holds

Russia: A rum -> bud Bounced with bud (1 against 1).

Russia: F sev -> bla Bounced with bla (1 against 1).

Russia: F swe Holds

Turkey:

Turkey: F bla Supports A bul Support cut by Move from Sevastopol.

Turkey: A bul Supports A gre -> ser

Turkey: A con Supports A bul

Turkey: A gre -> ser

Turkey: F smy -> aeg

Commentary

British, German Fleets Clash

Earlier this month, the German High Seas Fleet left port for Netherlands. Supported by several divisions of infantry, the fleet was intended to dislodge and annihilate entrenched British troops; however, elements of the British Grand Fleet intercepted the High Seas Fleet. After an inconclusive hour-long exchange of gunfire, the High Seas Fleet retreated to its bases in Kiel, allowing the British forces in the Netherlands to continue holding their precarious foothold on the continent.

Italy; Ottoman Empire Continue Assault on Austrian Homeland

Beleaguered Austrian armies lost two more provinces, Serbia and Vienna, to advancing Italian and Ottoman armies. While surviving Austro-Hungarian officials continue to issue confident press releases from their new capital of Budapest, most analysts say that situation is grim for Emperor WrongBot. "The loss of Vienna, the capital and a key supply province for the war effort, is particularly going to hurt," says analyst Alex Richard.

France Repulses Abortive German Offensive

After nearly a year of preparations, German forces continued once again attacked France in May. Moving from the Ruhr and Munich into Picardy and Burgundy, they met with initial success. However, President AlexMennen soon was able to commit reserves rushed northwards from the Iberian peninsula to the fight; German gains crept to a halt, and they were soon being pushed back out of French territory. French officials are confident that their reserves will be enough to halt any future German attacks, and to go on the offensive; French soldiers were less pleased.

Fall 1902

Order Results

Austria:

The Army in Budapest cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

The Fleet in Albania cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Austria: F alb -> tri Bounced with ven (1 against 1). Dislodged from ion (2 against 1).

Austria: A bud Supports F alb -> tri Dislodged from tri (2 against 1).

Austria: A war -> gal

England:

England: F eng Supports A hol -> bel

England: A hol -> bel

England: F nth Supports F ska -> den

England: F ska -> den

England: A yor Holds

France:

France: A bre Supports A par -> pic

France: A gas Supports A mar -> bur

France: A mar -> bur Bounced with mun (2 against 1).

France: F mao Holds

France: A par -> pic

Germany:

The Fleet in Belgium cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Germany: F bel Supports F kie -> hol Dislodged from hol (2 against 1).

Germany: A den -> kie

Germany: F kie -> hol

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with mar (2 against 1).

Germany: A ruh Supports A mun -> bur

Italy:

Italy: F apu -> adr

Italy: F ion -> alb

Italy: A tri -> bud

Italy: A ven -> tri Bounced with alb (1 against 1).

Italy: A vie Supports A tri -> bud

Russia:

Russia: A lvn -> war

Russia: A mos Supports A lvn -> war

Russia: A rum Holds

Russia: F sev Supports F bla -> rum Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given.

Russia: F swe Holds

Turkey:

Turkey: F aeg -> ion

Turkey: F bla Supports A con -> bul

Turkey: A bul -> gre

Turkey: A con -> bul

Turkey: A ser Supports F ion -> alb

Commentary

Last Austro-Hungarian Provinces Fall

Earlier this month Italian forces from Trieste captured Budapest, the last of Austria-Hungary's supply provinces. Count Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, the Chief the General Staff of the Austrian army, formally surrendered the surrounded Austrian forces, while Emperor WrongBot attempted to make his way through enemy lines to the remnants of his northern army, currently regrouping in Galicia. With the voluntary withdrawal of Austrian forces from Warsaw, just ahead of advancing Russian armies, Austria is left without any industrial capacity to support its sole remaining army, and is expected to fully surrender shortly.

English Forces Liberate Belgium; Denmark

While the majority of German forces were occupied with assaults on the Netherlands and France, English forces launched amphibious attacks on both Belgium and Denmark. Both attacks, taking advantage of the distraction of advancing German forces, were successful; meanwhile, the German army seized the Netherlands, but continue to fail to gain entry into France. In a speech earlier this week, Prime Minister Kevin announced that, though Belgium had been liberated and its original war aims had been achieved, "they would not rest until the specter of German aggression no longer threatens our terri on the Continent." Analysts were unclear what interests he was referring to.

Winter 1902

Austria:

Army at Galicia ordered to Disband. Austria no longer controls any supply centers, and has been eliminated. Not enough Disband orders were submitted. Units farthest from home supply center will be disbanded. Austria: Removes A gal

England: England: Builds F edi

France:

Germany:

Italy: Italy: Builds F nap Italy: Builds F rom

Russia: Russia: Builds A stp

Turkey: Turkey: Builds F smy

Spring 1903

Orders

England: Illegal order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned.

England: A bel Supports A ruh -> bur Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given.

England: F den -> swe Bounced with swe (1 against 1).

England: F edi Holds

England: F eng -> pic Bounced with pic (1 against 1).

England: F nth -> nwy Bounced with stp (1 against 1).

England: A yor -> wal

France:

France: A bre Holds

France: A gas Supports A mar -> bur

France: A mar -> bur Bounced with mun (2 against 1).

France: F mao Holds

France: A pic Supports A mar -> bur Support cut by Move from English Channel.

Germany:

Germany: F hol -> kie Failed because Germany: A kie -> mun failed.

Germany: A kie -> mun Failed because Germany: A mun -> bur failed.

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with mar (2 against 1).

Germany: A ruh Supports A mun -> bur

Italy:

Italy: F adr -> ion Bounced with ion (1 against 1).

Italy: F alb -> gre

Italy: A bud -> ser

Italy: F nap Supports F rom -> tys

Italy: F rom -> tys

Italy: A ven Supports A vie -> tri

Italy: A vie -> tri

Russia:

Russia: A mos Holds

Russia: A rum Supports A bud -> ser Support cut by Move from Black Sea.

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: A stp -> nwy Bounced with nth (1 against 1).

Russia: F swe Holds

Russia: A war -> ukr

Turkey:

Turkey: F bla -> rum Bounced with rum (1 against 1).

Turkey: A bul -> rum Bounced with rum (1 against 1).

Turkey: A gre -> apu Convoy path taken: gre→ion→apu.

Turkey: F ion Convoys A gre -> apu

Turkey: A ser -> alb

Turkey: F smy -> aeg

Commentary

Indecisive Battles in the Balkans Are Indecisive

Despite their overwhelming numbers, the Russo-Italian alliance is temporarily stalemated by Turkey, while both sides are moving up reinforcements. An Italian advance from Budapest to Serbia failed after supporting units from Rumania were forced to stay behind to fend of a Turkish assault. The Turkish fleet in the Ionian Sea and infantry in Greece continued to bottle up the Italian navy in the Adriatic Sea and its ports in Albania. However, Turkey also failed to make any progress; it was forced to call off an attempted amphibious attack on Italy to prevent the escape of the Italian navy, while the Russia army was able to continue holding Rumania. Turkish bond prices dropped sharply following the failure of the Turkish offensives, reflecting the general belief that Turkey will eventually be worn down by the Russo-Italian alliance.

England, Russia Clash in Scandinavia

English reinforcements from the North Sea arrived just in time to block a Russian attack on Norway. The attack in March was followed closely by the advance of the Russian fleet from Sweden into Denmark; however, forewarned British forces had already moved to northern Denmark in preparation for a counterattack. The two sides fought an indecisive battle before withdrawing.

English-German Alliance Fails to Make Progress Against France

The French once again managed to repel every attack launched by the surrounding nations. French troops from Picardy fought a long artillery duel with elements of the High Seas Fleet, eventually managing to repel the main assault after grievous damage to both sides. Meanwhile, in Burgundy, a German attack from Munich was prevented due to a mistake in communication: the British Expeditionary Force expected the attack to come from the Ruhr instead of Munich, and planned accordingly. A spokesman for Prime Minister Kevin claimed that better coordination would surely lead to the fall of the Ruhr next campaigning season.

Fall 1903

Order Results:

England:

England: A bel Supports A mun -> bur

England: F den -> swe Failed because Russia: F swe -> nwy failed.

England: F edi -> nwg

England: F eng -> pic Bounced with bre (1 against 1).

England: F nth Supports A bel

England: A wal Holds

France:

France: A bre -> pic Bounced with eng (1 against 1).

France: A gas Supports A pic -> bur

France: A mar Supports A pic -> bur

France: F mao Holds

France: A pic -> bur Bounced with mun (3 against 1).

Germany:

Germany: F hol -> hel

Germany: A kie -> hol

Germany: A mun -> bur Bounced with pic (3 against 1).

Germany: A ruh Supports A mun -> bur

Italy:

The Fleet in Greece cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Italy: F adr -> apu Failed because Turkey: A apu -> nap failed.

Italy: F gre -> ion Bounced with ion (1 against 1). Dislodged from ion (2 against 1).

Italy: F nap -> rom Bounced with ven (1 against 1).

Italy: A ser Supports A rum -> bul Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given.

Italy: A tri -> alb Failed because Turkey: A alb -> ser failed.

Italy: F tys -> tun

Italy: A ven -> rom Bounced with nap (1 against 1).

Russia:

Russia: A mos -> ukr

Russia: A rum -> bud

Russia: F sev -> arm Bounced with bul (1 against 1).

Russia: A stp -> nwy Bounced with swe (1 against 1).

Russia: F swe -> nwy Bounced with stp (1 against 1).

Russia: A ukr -> gal

Turkey:

Turkey: F aeg Supports F ion -> gre

Turkey: A alb -> ser Bounced with ser (1 against 1).

Turkey: A apu -> nap Failed because Italy: F nap -> rom failed.

Turkey: F bla Convoys A bul -> arm

Turkey: A bul -> arm Bounced with sev (1 against 1). Convoy path taken: bul→bla→arm.

Turkey: F ion -> gre

Commentary

No Clear Winner in Balkans Conflict

Following a season of violent conflict, each side has gained little. Turkey and Russia each attempted to outflank the other through Armenia, but as a result, both offensives failed. Meanwhile, the Russian army advanced on Italy's northern flank, capturing Budapest and threatening Vienna- but Italy managed to make up for the loss by capturing Serbia from Turkey. While Turkey didn't achieve any offensive successes against opposing supply centers, it did manage to retake Greece via a two-pronged offensive from the Aegean and Ionian Seas, and to pin down three major Italian forces on and around Italy. Analysts have mostly given up attempting to understand the three-sided war.

Stalemate on Western Front

Burgundy continues to remain uncontrolled by either alliance on the Western front; major offensives earlier this month from both sides failed to make any headway. Meanwhile, an amphibious assault by England on Picardy was repulsed by reinforcements from Brest, allowing the army currently in Picardy to participate in the fighting in Burgundy with its rear secure. At sea, the French fleet remained in the Mid-Atlanta Ocean, guarding French possessions in Spain and Portgual; England, wary of its offensive power, kept an army in Wales to deal with the threat of landings on the English coast.

Shockingly, No Progress in Scandinavia

English and Russian forces continued to clash in Scandinavia, with the fleets in Sweden and Denmark fighting a sharp but short and inconclusive battle. Meanwhile, a pair of Russian military leaders, rushing to secure the unguarded province of Norway, mistook each others forces for the enemy and opened fire. While the mistake was eventually corrected, both forces were forced to retreat by the onset of winter and the threat of a looming British fleet, as much of their supplies had been destroyed.

Winter 1903

England:

France:

Germany:

Italy: Italy: Builds A rom

Russia: Russia: Builds A war

Turkey: Turkey: Removes A apu

Spring 1904

Order Results:

England:

England: A bel Supports F nth -> hol

England: F den -> kie Bounced with hol (1 against 1).

England: F eng -> mao Bounced with mao (1 against 1).

England: F nth -> hol

England: F nwg -> nth

England: A wal Holds

France:

No order for unit at Mid-Atlantic Ocean. Hold order assigned.

France: A bre Supports A pic

France: A gas Supports A mar -> bur

France: A mar -> bur

France: F mao Holds

France: A pic Supports A mar -> bur

Germany:

The Army in Holland cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Germany: F hel Holds

Germany: A hol -> kie Bounced with den (1 against 1). Dislodged from nth (2 against 1).

'Germany: A mun -> bur Failed.

Germany: A ruh Supports A mun -> bur

Italy:

Italy: F adr -> alb

Italy: F nap Supports F tun -> ion

Italy: A rom -> ven

Italy: A ser -> bud

Italy: A tri Supports A ser -> bud

Italy: F tun -> ion Bounced with aeg (2 against 1).

Italy: A ven -> tyr

Russia:

Russia: A bud Supports A alb -> ser Dislodged from ser (2 against 1). Retreat to vie.

Russia: A gal -> boh

Russia: F sev Supports A ukr -> rum

Russia: A stp Supports F swe -> nwy

Russia: F swe -> nwy

Russia: A ukr -> rum

Russia: A war -> gal

Turkey: Turkey: F aeg -> ion Bounced with tun (2 against 1).

Turkey: A alb -> ser

Turkey: F bla Holds

Turkey: A bul Supports A alb -> ser

Turkey: F gre Supports F aeg -> ion

Commentary

Balkans Powers Swap Supply Centers (Again)

After another confusing season, the Balkans War appears to be going nowhere quickly. Though Italy did manage to seize Budapest, they did so at the cost of leaving both Vienna and Serbia undefended, and entering a position with Russian forces on three sides; Russia's retreating forces seized Vienna the following month, though they are pinned in on three sides by numerically superior Italian armies. Turkey was the most successful power; it managed to seize Serbia, and lost no territory. Russia reinforced Rumania, taking away the another fairly tempting target, and Italy blocked an attempted Turkish advance into the Ionian Sea.

British Attack Beleaguered Germany

In a move surprising surprising most powers- though, evidently not Germany- British forces launch a broad attack on Germany in early May. Though the German army was able to prevent a British advance into the German homeland through Kiel, it was not able to prevent elements of the Grand Fleet from seizing Holland in its rear, and destroying the defending German unit. Meanwhile, French forces seized Burgundy and now stand ready to invade Germany- an assault that, without a guarantee of British neutrality, would probably overwhelm the German defenders. The one bright spot for Germany is that France and Britain are still at war; their fleets fought a major battle in the mid-Atlantic Ocean in March, won by France.

Norway Falls to Russia

Triumphant Russian fleets, supported from St. Petersburg, entered Norway without opposition in March. The move was a serious threat to British interests, as in addition to the loss of a supply center, Russian fleets are now less than a year away from the undefended British city of Edinburgh.

Fall 1904

Order Resolution

England: The Fleet in Holland cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

England: A bel Supports A bur -> ruh Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given. Dislodged from pic (2 against 1). Retreats to Ruhr.

England: F den -> kie Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

England: F eng Supports A bel Support cut by Move from Mid-Atlantic Ocean.

England: F hol Supports A bel Support cut by Move from Ruhr. Dislodged from ruh (2 against 1).

England: F nth -> nwg

England: A wal -> yor

France:

France: A bre -> pic

France: A bur Supports A pic -> bel

France: A gas Supports A bur

France: F mao -> eng Bounced with eng (1 against 1).

France: A pic -> bel

Germany: Germany: F hel Supports A ruh -> hol

Germany: A mun -> kie Bounced with den (1 against 1).

Germany: A ruh -> hol

Italy: The Army in Budapest cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Italy: F alb -> ion

Italy: A bud -> vie Failed because Russia: A vie -> tri failed. Dislodged from gal (2 against 1).

Italy: F nap Supports F alb -> ion

Italy: A tri Supports A bud -> vie Support cut by Move from Serbia.

Italy: F tun Supports F alb -> ion

Italy: A tyr Supports A bud -> vie Support cut by Move from Bohemia.

Italy: A ven Supports A tri

Russia:

Russia: A boh -> tyr Bounced with tyr (1 against 1).

Russia: A gal -> bud

Russia: F nwy -> nth

Russia: A rum Supports A gal -> bud

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: A stp -> fin

Russia: A vie -> tri Bounced with ser (1 against 1).

Turkey:

Turkey: F aeg -> ion Failed.

Turkey: F bla Holds

Turkey: A bul -> ser Failed because Turkey: A ser -> tri failed.

Turkey: F gre Supports F aeg -> ion

Turkey: A ser -> tri Bounced with tri (1 against 2).

Commentary

Russia, Turkey Consolidate Gains as Italy Prepares to Counterattack

Russia and Turkey both managed to retain their previous conquests or Vienna and Serbia this season, shifting much of Italy's industrial capacity to its foes. An Italian counterattack against Vienna failed when the Italian army holding Budapest was destroyed. Italy is expected to be forced to disband two of its unit this winter, crippling its defense against Russia and Turkey- who seem to have stopped fighting each other, at least for now. However, the Italian navy did manage to make progress in the south, entering the Ionian Sea despite opposition from Turkish fleets in Greece and the Aegean Sea.

France, Germany, Push Britain Out of Benelux Nations

A simultaneous attack from France and Germany in September left the British reeling. A German attack from the Ruhr pushed the British out of the Netherlands; the survivors surrendered after scuttling the elements of the British navy trapped in port. Meanwhile, in Belgium, a sudden French attack caught the British defenders by surprise; they had been planning to support a French offensive into the Ruhr. With the British naval support distracted by a French advance from the mid-Atlantic Ocean, the French army in Picardy, with support from Burgundy, was able to seize Belgium- and with the failure of an offensive from Denmark, survivors from Belgium have been cut off entirely.

British High Seas Fleet Lets Russians Enter North Sea

The British High Seas Fleet shifted to the Norwegian Sea in September, allowing elements of the Russian fleet to enter the North Sea without opposition in October. Should it choose to do so, the Russian fleet is now in a position to threaten the British homeland- though Britain is capable of blocking any attempt to attack London or Edinburgh. However, it seems more likely that Russian intentions are friendly, as they chose not to hold Norway despite their ability to do so, and Britain voluntarily shifted aside its own fleet to let the Russians advance.

Winter 1905

England:

France:

France: Builds F bre

Germany:

Germany: Builds F kie

Italy:

Italy: Removes F tun

Russia:

Russia: Builds F stp/nc

Turkey:

Turkey: Builds A con

Spring 1905

Order Results:

'England:'

England: F den -> swe Bounced with fin (1 against 1). Dislodged from kie (2 against 1). Remove F den.

England: F eng -> lon

England: F nwg -> nwy Bounced with stp (1 against 1).

England: A ruh -> kie Bounced with hol (1 against 1).

England: A yor -> edi

'France:'

France: A bel Holds

France: F bre -> eng

France: A bur -> ruh Failed because England: A ruh -> kie failed.

France: A gas -> bur Failed because France: A bur -> ruh failed.

France: F mao Supports F bre -> eng

France: A pic Supports A bel

'Germany:'

Germany: F hel Supports F kie -> den

Germany: A hol -> kie Bounced with ruh (1 against 1).

Germany: F kie -> den

Germany: A mun -> kie Bounced with ruh (1 against 1).

'Italy:'

Italy: F ion -> adr

Italy: F nap -> ion Bounced with aeg (1 against 1).

Italy: A tri Supports A tyr

Italy: A tyr Supports A tri

Italy: A ven Supports A tri

'Russia:'

Russia: A boh Supports A vie

Russia: A bud Supports A rum

Russia: A fin -> swe Bounced with den (1 against 1).

Russia: F nth Supports F stp/nc -> nwy

Russia: A rum Supports A bud

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: F stp/nc -> nwy

Russia: A vie Supports A bud

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F aeg -> ion Bounced with nap (1 against 1).

Turkey: F bla Supports A con -> bul

Turkey: A bul -> gre

Turkey: A con -> bul

Turkey: F gre -> alb

Turkey: A ser Supports F gre -> alb

Commentary

'Russia, France, and Germany Overwhelm England'

A simultaneous attack by Russia, Germany, and France pushed England out of the English Channel, Denmark, and Norway last season, seizing several more crucial English supply centers. Norway fell to a Russian fleet moving out of St. Petersburg, English forces in Denmark were pushed out by the German army following a failed offensive against Sweden, and the British fleet surrendered control over the English Channel to the French in order to protect London against a threatening Russian fleet. England will be hard pressed to hold out against any one member of the opposing powers, let alone all three; worse still for them, Russia, France, and Germany didn't fight among each other the previous season, and none has much to gain in the short-run by fighting each other.

'Balkans Powers Concentrate on Defense'

The Balkans were quiet the previous spring, with each of the major Powers content to remain within their trenches. While Russia focused on the conquest of Scandinavia to the north, both Italy and Turkey moved up fleets: Turkish ships moved into ports in the Adriatic, but were soon blockaded by the arrival of an Italian fleet from the Ionian Sea. Another Italian fleet moving up to replace the fleet in the Ionian fought a brief engagement with another Turkish fleet, after which both sides withdrew.

Fall 1905

Order Results:

'England:' (Note: England was forced to drop out of the game at this point.) No order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at London. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Norwegian Sea. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Ruhr. Hold order assigned.

England: A edi Holds

England: F lon Holds

England: F nwg Holds Dislodged from nth (2 against 1). Disbanded.

England: A ruh Holds Dislodged from mun (2 against 1). Disbanded.

'France:'

France: A bel Supports A mun -> ruh

France: A bur Supports A bel

France: F eng Convoys A pic -> wal

France: A gas -> bre

France: F mao -> iri

France: A pic -> wal Convoy path taken: pic→eng→wal.

'Germany:' Germany: F den Holds

Germany: F hel -> nth

Germany: A hol Holds

Germany: A mun -> ruh

'Italy:' Italy: F adr -> alb Bounced with alb (1 against 1).

Italy: F nap -> ion Bounced with aeg (1 against 1).

Italy: A tri Supports A tyr Support cut by Move from Serbia.

Italy: A tyr Holds Dislodged from boh (2 against 1). Retreat to mun.

Italy: A ven Supports A tri

'Russia:'

Russia: A boh -> tyr

Russia: A bud Supports A ser -> tri

Russia: A fin -> swe

Russia: F nth -> nwg

Russia: F nwy Supports F nth -> nwg

Russia: A rum Supports A bud

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: A vie Supports A boh -> tyr

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F aeg -> ion Bounced with nap (1 against 1).

Turkey: F alb Supports F aeg -> ion Support cut by Move from Adriatic Sea.

Turkey: F bla Supports F sev

Turkey: A bul Supports A gre -> ser

Turkey: A gre -> ser Failed because Turkey: A ser -> tri failed.

Turkey: A ser -> tri Bounced with tri (2 against 2).

Build List

Italy can build one unit.

Russia can build one unit.

England can build one unit.

Commentary

'England Forced Out of Continent, North Sea'

Russian and German forces consolidated their gains in the previous season of campaigning; Russia now holds control of Scandinavia, while Germany has recaptured Denmark. Meanwhile, the German High Seas Fleet entered the North Sea, the Russian fleet forced the British fleet out of the Norwegian Sea, and France landed an army in Wales, supported by two fleets. The prospects for England look grim: by this point, any of the three surrounding Powers are probably capable of defeating England on their own, even without a full commitment of units. On the plus side for England, Russia is distracted in the South, Germany is vulnerable to a distracting Italian backstab, which did occur, and France still only has one army on English soil.

'Russia Advances Insignificantly in Bloody Balkans Fighting'

Another season of bloody, indecisive fighting in the Balkans ended with the Russian capture of Tyrolia, a strategic province that overlooked Trieste, Venice, and Munich. A major offensive by Turkey against Trieste failed, as did an attempted advance of the Turkish fleet; the progress of the apparent Russo-Turkish alliance was badly slowed by the large portion of their armies unable to reach the actual frontlines. The future prospects for the Italian defence of Trieste look grim, however; the three defending Italian units face a combined five Russian and Turkish units, with even more piled up behind the frontlines.

'Breaking: Italy seizes Munich in stunning surprise attack!'

Italian forces retreating from a defeat in Tyrolia slipped around the Russian lines to seize Munich, significantly helping Italian prospects for the war in the Balkans, and dealing Germany a disappointing setback. German forces, currently deployed for an invasion of England, were caught offguard; both Berlin and Kiel are also undefended. (The undefended Russian supply center of Warsaw is also only a year's march away; if Russia pulls back part of its force to defend Warsaw, then it must either give Turkey a juicy target, or delay the offensive against Trieste.) Though French or Russian aid will allow Germany to quickly retake Munich, barring a major shift in the Russian lines, the Italian will be able to retreat and continue fighting in Germany or Russia for a long time.

Winter 1905

'Italy:'

Builds A Rom

'England:'

England does not use its build

'Russia:'

Builds A War


Spring 1906

Order Resolution

'England (In Civil Disorder):'

No order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned.

No order for unit at London. Hold order assigned.

England: A edi Holds

England: F lon Holds

'France:'

France: A bel Holds

France: A bre -> wal Convoy path taken: bre→eng→wal.

France: A bur Supports A bel

France: F eng Convoys A bre -> wal

France: F iri -> nao

France: A wal -> lvp

'Germany:'

Germany: F den -> bal

Germany: A hol -> den Bounced with swe (1 against 1). Convoy path taken: hol→nth→den.

Germany: F nth Convoys A hol -> den

Germany: A ruh -> mun Failed because Italy: A mun -> sil failed.

'Italy:'

The Army in Trieste cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Italy: F adr Supports F nap -> ion

Italy: A mun -> sil Bounced with war (1 against 1).

Italy: F nap -> ion Bounced with alb (2 against 1).

Italy: A rom -> ven Bounced with tyr (1 against 1).

Italy: A tri -> alb Failed because Turkey: F alb -> ion failed. Dislodged from ser (3 against 1).

Italy: A ven -> pie

'Russia:'

Russia: A bud Supports A ser -> tri

Russia: F nwy Holds

Russia: F nwg Supports A hol -> edi Support failed. Supported unit's order does not match support given.

Russia: A rum Supports A bud

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: A swe -> den Bounced with hol (1 against 1).

Russia: A tyr -> ven Bounced with rom (1 against 1).

Russia: A vie Supports A ser -> tri

Russia: A war -> sil Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F aeg Supports F alb -> ion

Turkey: F alb -> ion Bounced with nap (2 against 1).

Turkey: F bla Supports F sev

Turkey: A bul Supports A gre -> ser

Turkey: A gre - ser

Turkey: A ser -> tri

Commentary

'Russo-Turkish Alliance Occupies Trieste'

The Russia-Turkey alliance continued to hold in Spring 1906, as Turkey, supported by Russian troops in Budapest and Vienna, seized control of Trieste. Meanwhile, Italian troops actually left Venice to march towards the undefended French province of Marseilles; a quick Russian attack from Tyrolia left Italian reinforcements from Rome bogged down in months of trench warfare. In the south, meanwhile, a series of naval attacks by both sides were launched, all of which failed.

'Russia Tries, Fails, to Backstab Germany'

Russian leaders attempted to seize the German province of Denmark in May, by convincing Kaiser tenshiko to evacuate and instead invade England. While they were partially successful, as the High Seas Fleet did leave Denmark, reinforcements from Holland that had been expected to attack Edinburgh instead arrived in time to block the Russian offensive. Russia also attempted to move towards Germany from Warsaw, although its leaders may have been intending to block an Italian advance, as indeed occurred. As a result, Italian forces still occupy Munich.

'French Offensive Against Fragmented England Continues'

French troops entered Liverpool with heavy naval support in March, while another French army landed in Wales in May. The English resistance to the ongoing French assault appears to have crumbled, as the central English government collapsed in March and the remaining English territories was divided up into fiefdoms controlled by the remaining generals. The collapse can be dated to the departure of the English leader, Kevin Fischer, for a land known only as "Asia"- obviously a place unknown to modern cartographers.

Fall 1906

'England (in civil disorder):' No order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at London. Hold order assigned.

England: A edi Holds

England: F lon Holds Dislodged from wal (2 against 1). Disbanded.

'France:'

France: A bel Holds

France: A bur Supports A ruh -> mun

France: F eng Supports A wal -> lon

France: A lvp Supports A edi

France: F nao -> cly

France: A wal -> lon

'Germany:'

Germany: F bal Supports A hol -> den

Germany: A hol -> den Convoy path failed.

Germany: F nth Convoys A hol -> den Dislodged from nwy (2 against 1).

Germany: A ruh -> mun

'Italy:'

Italy: F adr Supports F nap -> ion

Italy: A mun -> tyr

Italy: F nap -> ion Bounced with aeg (2 against 1).

Italy: A pie Supports A rom -> ven

Italy: A rom -> ven

'Russia:'

Russia: A bud Supports A vie -> tri

Russia: F nwy -> nth

Russia: F nwg Supports F nwy -> nth

Russia: A rum Supports A bud

Russia: F sev Supports A rum

Russia: A swe -> den

Russia: A tyr -> boh

Russia: A vie -> tri Bounced with tri (2 against 2).

Russia: A war -> sil

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F aeg -> ion Bounced with nap (2 against 1).

Turkey: F alb Supports F aeg -> ion

Turkey: F bla Holds

Turkey: A bul Supports A ser

Turkey: A ser Supports A tri

Turkey: A tri Supports A ser Support cut by Move from Vienna.

Builds

'France' can builds two units.

'Italy' must remove one unit.

'Russia' can build one unit.

'Turkey' can build one unit.

Commentary

'Russia Attacks Turkey; Makes No Progress'

Russian forces from Vienna, supported from Budapest, struck at the Turkish-occupied province of Trieste earlier this month, immediately following their cessation of the strategic province of Tyrolia to their erstwhile enemies, the Italians. While the initial strike was blocked by Turkish reinforcements from Serbia, Turkey will probably be unable to continue to hold Trieste if Russia and Italy and Italy are truly allied.

'German Reconquest of Munich Threatened by Russian Advance'

Italy against attempted to voluntarily vacate Munich in September, this time successfully; the German army, with French support, reoccupied Munich just before the important Winter construction season. However, the reconquest was threatened by the advance of two major Russia armies, from Warsaw and Tyrolia, which are both in a position to threaten Munich (and one of which can also threaten Berlin.) Meanwhile, the Russian fleet pushed its German counterpart out of the North Sea, which retreated to Heligoland, and captured Denmark.

'Seemingly Secure France Continues Conquest of England'

French armies, with support from their fleet in the North Sea, occupied London earlier this month following the defeat of the remaining local forces. Meanwhile, in the north, the French army ensured the survival of the English warlord occupying Edinburgh, and are in a position to take it early next year. Their German border also remains secure, though Marseilles continues to be vulnerable to an Italian attack.

Winter 1906

'France:'

France: Builds F bre

France: Builds A par

'Italy:'

Italy: Removes A pie

'Russia:'

Russia: Builds F stp/sc

'Turkey:' Turkey: Builds F smy

Spring 1907

'England (in civil disorder):' No order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned.

England: A edi Holds

'France:'

France: A bel Supports A bur -> ruh

France: F bre -> mao

France: A bur -> ruh

France: F cly Supports A lvp -> edi

France: F eng Holds

'France: A lvp -> edi' Bounced with edi (2 against 2).

France: A lon Holds

France: A par -> bur

Germany:

Germany: F bal -> den

Germany: F hel Supports F bal -> den

Germany: A hol -> kie Bounced with den (1 against 1).

Germany: A mun Holds

Italy:

Italy: F adr -> alb

Italy: F nap -> ion Bounced with alb (1 against 1).

Italy: A tyr Supports A ven -> tri

Italy: A ven -> tri Bounced with tri (2 against 3).

'Russia:'

Russia: A boh -> mun Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

Russia: A bud -> rum Bounced with sev (1 against 1).

Russia: A den -> kie Bounced with hol (1 against 1). Dislodged from bal (2 against 1). Retreat to swe.

Russia: F nth -> hol Failed because Germany: A hol -> kie failed.

Russia: F nwg Supports A edi

Russia: A rum -> gal

Russia: F sev -> rum Bounced with bud (1 against 1).

Russia: A sil -> ber

Russia: F stp/sc -> bot

Russia: A vie Supports A tri

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F aeg Supports F alb -> ion

Turkey: F alb -> ion

Turkey: F bla Holds

Turkey: A bul -> gre

Turkey: A ser Supports A tri

Turkey: F smy -> eas

Turkey: A tri Holds

Commentary

'Turkey forges ahead in Balkans'

After countless years of struggle, the Turkish fleet finally seized the Ionian Sea in late May, leaving the Italian province of Tunis open and undefended against a Turkish offensive. Meanwhile, Italy failed to retake Trieste after being retreating from Munich; should Tunis, too, fall to Turkey, they will be forced to disband one of their remaining units, leaving them in a very poor position against Turkey. Russia has thus far chosen not to intervene; their only combative move, supporting Trieste, made no difference to the final outcome. However, despite its ongoing offensive against Germany and a recent mutual disarmament along the Rumanian-Bulgarian border, Russia still has a powerful force of 3 units in the south.

'Russia-Germany war's first months inconclusive'

Russia began its expected offensive against Germany in late January, as the outnumbered Germans rushed to shift their military onto the defensive. The initial Russian attacks attained much less success than their leaders had hoped for; the German army blocked attacks on Kiel and Munich, though Russian armies in the poorly-defended east did manage to seize the Germany capital of Berlin. In May, the German navy counterattacked, seizing control of Denmark and forcing the Russian army to retreat to Sweden. However, without French, Turkish, or Italian aid, Germany's longterm prospects remain grim, due to the overwhelming Russian numbers.

'France retains freedom of action, despite threat to Germany and hostile action from Russia'

The French army advanced into the Ruhr earlier last month, threatening virtually every remaining German province; more reinforcements were not far behind. The apparent French threat to Germany, however, was somewhat mollified by the fact that the Russian fleet blocked a French offensive towards Edinburgh in May; the apparent lack of a French-Russian alliance gives Germany an opportunity to gain support from one side, or at to play the two nation's militaries off against each other.

Fall 1907

'England (in civil disorder):' No order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned.

England: A edi Holds

France: No order for unit at London. Hold order assigned.

France: A bel -> hol Failed because Germany: A hol -> kie failed.

France: A bur Supports A ruh -> mun

France: F cly Holds

France: F eng Holds

France: A lvp Supports A edi

France: A lon Holds

France: F mao -> wes

France: A ruh -> mun

'Germany:' The Army in Munich cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Germany: F den Holds

Germany: F hel Supports F den

Germany: A hol -> kie Bounced with ber (1 against 1).

Germany: A mun -> sil Bounced with gal (1 against 1). Dislodged from ruh (2 against 1).

'Italy:'

Italy: F alb Holds

Italy: F nap Holds

Italy: A tyr Holds

Italy: A ven Holds

'Russia:'

Russia: A ber -> kie Bounced with hol (1 against 1).

Russia: A boh -> tyr Bounced with tyr (1 against 1).

Russia: A bud Supports F sev -> rum

Russia: A gal -> sil Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

Russia: F bot -> bal

Russia: F nth Supports A swe -> den

Russia: F nwg Supports A edi

Russia: F sev -> rum

Russia: A swe -> den Bounced with den (2 against 2).

Russia: A vie Supports A bud

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F aeg Supports F eas -> ion

Turkey: F bla -> bul/ec

Turkey: F eas -> ion

Turkey: A gre -> alb Bounced with alb (1 against 1).

Turkey: F ion -> tun

Turkey: A ser Supports A tri

Turkey: A tri Holds

Builds

'Italy' must remove one unit.

'France' can build one unit.

'Turkey' can build one unit.

Commentary

'France Takes Munich'

While Germany once again managed to hold off the numerically superior Russians in Fall 1907, they didn't prevent France from striking their rear, seizing control of the vital province of Munich. With the fall of both Munich and Berlin to foreigners, Germany will be unable to replace the army lost defending Munich, harming their defense of Kiel, Holland, and Denmark- though France is not in a position to take any more territory on its own, and now shares a border with Russia, making direct conflict on the Continent between the two Powers possible for the first time.

'Strangely Passive Italian Forces Lose Tunis'

Italian forces sunk into a strange lethargy in Fall 1907, making no offensive or defensive moves, even against the weakly defended province of Trieste. Instead, the Turkish offensive continued, with their fleet seizing control of Tunis, while more reinforcements moved up from the Eastern Mediterranean. In the north, Turkish and Russian fleets simultaneously moved westwards, further decreasing the ability of either power to threaten the other, while a French fleet entered the Western Mediterranean.


Winter 1907

'Italy' disbands F Albania

'France' builds F Brest

'Turkey' builds F Smyrna

Spring 1908

'England (in civil disorder):' No order received for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned.

England: A edi Holds

'France:'

France: A bel Supports A bur -> ruh

France: F bre -> mao

France: A bur -> ruh

France: F cly Supports A lvp -> edi

France: F eng Holds

France: A lvp -> edi Bounced with edi (2 against 2).

France: A lon Holds

France: A mun -> sil Bounced with gal (1 against 1).

France: F wes -> spa/sc

'Germany:'

Germany: F den Supports F hel -> nth Support cut by Move from Sweden. Dislodged from swe (2 against 1). Retreats to ska.

Germany: F hel -> nth Bounced with nth (1 against 1).

Germany: A hol -> kie Bounced with ber (1 against 1).

'Italy:' No order for unit at Naples. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Tyrolia. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Venice. Hold order assigned.

Italy: F nap Holds

Italy: A tyr Holds

Italy: A ven Holds

'Russia:'

Russia: F bal Supports A swe -> den

Russia: A ber -> kie Bounced with hol (1 against 1).

Russia: A boh -> tyr Bounced with tyr (1 against 1).

Russia: A bud Supports A tri

Russia: A gal -> sil Bounced with mun (1 against 1).

Russia: F nth -> hel Bounced with hel (1 against 1).

Russia: F nwg Supports A edi

Russia: F rum -> bla Bounced with bul (1 against 1).

Russia: A swe -> den

Russia: A vie Supports A bud

'Turkey:' Turkey: F aeg -> ion

Turkey: F bul/ec -> bla Bounced with rum (1 against 1).

Turkey: A gre -> alb

Turkey: F ion -> adr

Turkey: A ser Supports A tri

Turkey: F smy -> aeg

Turkey: A tri Holds

Turkey: F tun Supports F aeg -> ion

Commentary

'Russia Captures Denmark; Clashes with France'

The Russian army again launched an attack from Sweden against Denmark, supported by elements of their navy, and finally succeeded in capturing the province. However, their success was not complete: the French army, based in Munich, prevented Russian reinforcements from moving up into Silesia, with what was probably deliberate hostile intent, and the German navy from Denmark will be able to retreat into the Skagerrak, threatening Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Unless Russia is willing to risk the loss of one of the three territories, their advance will consist of only a single army from Berlin- no match for the French army group assembled in Belgium, the Ruhr, and Munich.

'King Alexandros Killed In Turkish Bombardment!'

As the Turkish fleet continued to advance, a battle group moved into the Adriatic and began to shell the mostly-empty province of Apulia. Italian King Alexandros, who was visiting Apulia at the time, was caught in the bombardment and did not survive; he leaves behind a grieving wife and son, and a divided empire on the verge of collapse, as Turkey continues to move up more fleets and armies against the fractious warlords who have sprung up following the King's death.

Privately, French officials were worried about their poorly-guarded southern frontier; with Turkish fleets already only a season away from Spain, and the Turkish army continuing to advance alongside the strongly-defended Turko-Russian border, Turkish forces could soon be within striking distance of the French homeland.

Following his death, national leaders have been remarkably quick to ensure their own safety; defenses around most capitals have been massively increased- though, remarkably, the Kaiserin chose to remain in an undisclosed location in Berlin, Germany's occupied capital, defiantly proclaiming that she would "Never give up! Never surrender Berlin!"

(Alexandros has said via email that he's retiring.)

'Stalemate outside Edinburgh Continues'

Another major French offensive in March ground to a halt outside, with fire support from the Russian fleet making allowing the beleaguered remnants to hold on for a few more months. For now, neither Russia nor France has enough firepower nearby to take the city against the other's wishes.

Fall 1908

Order Resolution

'England (in civil disorder):' No order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned.

England: A edi Holds Dislodged from lvp (2 against 1). Disbanded.

'France:' No order for unit at English Channel. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at London. Hold order assigned.

France: A bel -> hol

France: F cly Supports A lvp -> edi

France: F eng Holds

France: A lvp -> edi

France: A lon Holds

France: F mao -> wes Bounced with spa (1 against 1).

France: A mun Supports A ber -> kie

France: A ruh Supports A bel -> hol

France: F spa/sc -> wes Bounced with mao (1 against 1).

'Germany:' The Army in Holland cannot retreat; unit destroyed.

Germany: F hel Supports F ska -> nth

Germany: A hol -> kie Bounced with ber (1 against 1). Dislodged from bel (2 against 1).

Germany: F ska -> nth

'Italy:'

No order for unit at Naples. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Tyrolia. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Venice. Hold order assigned.

Italy: F nap Holds

Italy: A tyr Holds

Italy: A ven Holds Dislodged from tri (2 against 1). Disbanded.

'Russia:'

Russia: F bal -> swe

Russia: A ber -> kie

Russia: A boh Supports A gal -> sil

Russia: A bud Supports A tri

Russia: A den Holds

Russia: A gal -> sil

Russia: F nth Supports A den Support cut by Move from Skagerrak. Dislodged from ska (2 against 1).

Russia: F nwg -> nwy

Russia: F rum -> bul/ec Bounced with bul (1 against 1).

Russia: A vie Supports A bud

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F adr Supports A tri -> ven

Turkey: F aeg -> ion

Turkey: A alb -> tri

Turkey: F bul/ec -> rum Bounced with rum (1 against 1).

Turkey: F ion -> apu

Turkey: A ser -> bud Bounced with bud (1 against 2).

Turkey: A tri -> ven

Turkey: F tun Holds

Commentary

'Germany Collapses Under Franco-Russian Onslaught'

German resistance crumbled in late November 1908, as the French army slammed into the rear of their lines. French forces quickly seized Belgium, while their support from Munich allowed the Russian army to seize Kiel. (In turn, France finally captured Edinburgh.) Meanwhile, despite a successful German counterattack that seized the North Sea, Russia managed to hold onto all of its provinces, leaving Germany without any supply bases.

'Turkey Advances Cautiously'

A Turkish army advancing from Trieste with the support of the Turkish Adriatic fleet seized Venice in late September, then dug in in preparation for the winter as reinforcements moved up from Albania and the Ionian Sea. Turkish forces remained on high alert during the entire period, with the armies garrisoned in Romania and Serbia advancing towards the frontier in late October in order to prevent Russian interference with the move from Albania to Trieste.

Builds

'France' can build two units.

'Germany' must disband all two remaining units.

'Russia' can build two units.

'Turkey' can build one unit.

Winter 1908

'Russia' builds A Warsaw

'Russia' waives second build

'Turkey' builds A Constantinople

'France' builds A Paris

'France' builds F Marseilles

Spring 1909

Order Resolution

'France:'

No order for unit at Edinburgh. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at London. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Spain. Hold order assigned.

France: F cly -> nwg Failed because Russia: F nwg -> nao failed.

France: A edi Holds

France: F eng -> nth Bounced with nwy (1 against 1).

France: A hol -> kie Bounced with kie (2 against 2).

France: A lon Holds

France: F mar -> lyo

France: F mao -> nao Bounced with nwg (1 against 1).

France: A mun Holds

France: A par -> bur

France: A ruh Supports A hol -> kie

France: F spa/sc Holds

'Italy (in civil disorder):'

No order for unit at Naples. Hold order assigned. No order for unit at Tyrolia. Hold order assigned.

Italy: F nap Holds' Dislodged from ion (2 against 1).

Italy: A tyr Holds

'Russia:' No order for unit at Sweden. Hold order assigned.

Russia: A boh -> sil

Russia: A bud Supports A tri

Russia: A den Supports A kie

Russia: A kie Supports A sil -> ber Support cut by Move from Holland.

Russia: F nwy -> nth Bounced with eng (1 against 1).

Russia: F nwg -> nao Bounced with mao (1 against 1).

Russia: F rum -> bla Bounced with bul (1 against 1).

Russia: A sil -> ber

Russia: F swe Holds

Russia: A vie Supports A bud

Russia: A war -> pru

'Turkey:'

Turkey: F adr Supports A tri

Turkey: F apu Supports F ion -> nap

Turkey: F bul/ec -> bla Bounced with rum (1 against 1).

Turkey: A con -> bul Failed because Turkey: F bul/ec -> bla failed.

Turkey: F ion -> nap

Turkey: A ser Supports A tri

Turkey: A tri Holds

Turkey: F tun Holds

Turkey: A ven -> rom

Commentary

'France, Russia Fight Stunningly Inconclusive War'

French and Russian forces, from the Norweigan Sea in the north to Silesia in the south, exploded into action in late February. France launched a series of attacks, seeking to capture Kiel and force the Russian fleet out of the Atlantic; however, advances by Russian fleet and a determined resistance by the Russian army in Kiel, supported from Denmark, allowed Russia to prevent France from making any gains- though it also failed to move its fleet out of Norway. Another cause of the static was the failure of both sides to use all of their units; the French left an army in Munich lying idle, while the Russians didn't advance their fleet from Sweden.

'Turkey Mops Up Italian Resistance'

Turkish forces seized both remaining Italian provinces, destroying a fleet in the process and isolating the only remaining Italian unit in Tyrolia, without any possibility of supply. With the conquest of Italy complete, Turkish forces have been freed up to fight elsewhere, including a possible intervention in the north; Czar Thausler and President Alexmennen both left several units in the south to guard against Turkey, but a determined Turkish offensive will overwhelm them.

=Draw

A draw proposal was made and accepted by all active players for a draw between Russia, France, and Turkey.